Monthly Archives: January 2008

Active Members Of Shadow Government Running U.S. – The Trilateral Commission 2008

See Also Council On Foreign Relations Members of 2008. Click Here

The Trilateral Commission was established in 1973. Its founder and primary financial angel was international financier, David Rockefeller, longtime chairman of the Rockefeller family-controlled Chase Manhattan Bank and undisputed overlord of his family’s global corporate empire.

Rockefeller’s idea for establishing the commission emerged after he had read a book entitled Between Two Ages written by an Establishment scholar, Prof. Zbigniew Brzezinski of Columbia University.
In his book Brzezinski proposed a vast alliance between North America, Western Europe and Japan. According to Brzezinski, changes in the modern world required it.
“Resist as it might,” Brzezinski wrote elsewhere, “the American system is compelled gradually to accommodate itself to this emerging international context, with the U.S. government called upon to negotiate, to guarantee, and, to some extent, to protect the various arrangements that have been contrived even by private business.”
In other words, it was necessary for the international upper class to band together to protect its interests, and to ensure, in the developed nations, that political leaders were brought to power who would ensure that the global financial interests (of the Rockefellers and the other ruling elites) would be protected over those of the hoi polloi.



The Trilateral Commission 2008 Members:

Chairmen, Deputy Chairmen and Directors

North American Chairman: THOMAS S. FOLEY
Partner, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, Washington DC; former U.S. Ambassador to Japan; former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives

European Chairman: PETER SUTHERLAND
Chairman, BP p.l.c., London; Chairman, Goldman Sachs International; Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Migrations; former Director General, GATT/WTO, Geneva; former Member of the European Commission; former Attorney General of Ireland

Pacific Asian Chairman: YOTARO KOBAYASHI
Chief Corporate Advisor, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd., Tokyo

North American Deputy Chairman: ALLAN E. GOTLIEB
Senior Adviser, Bennett Jones LLP, Toronto, ON; Chairman, Sotheby’s, Canada; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States

North American Deputy Chairman: LORENZO ZAMBRANO
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, CEMEX, Monterrey, NL, Mexico

European Deputy Chairman: HERVE DE CARMOY
Chairman, Almatis, Frankfurt-am-Main; former Partner, Rhône Group, New York & Paris; Honorary Chairman, Banque Industrielle et Mobilière Privée, Paris; former Chief Executive, Société Générale de Belgique

European Deputy Chairman: ANDRZEJ OLECHOWSKI
Founder, Civic Platform; former Chairman, Bank Handlowy; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and of Finance, Warsaw

Pacific Asian Deputy Chairman: HAN SUNG-JOO
President, Korea University, Seoul; former Korean Minister for Foreign Affairs; former Korean Ambassador to the United States

Pacific Asian Deputy Chairman: SHIJURO OGATA
Former Deputy Governor, Japan Development Bank; former Deputy Governor for International Relations, Bank of Japan
North American Vice Chairman: JOSEPH S. NYE, JR.
Distinguished Service Professor at Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs

North American Director: MICHAEL J. O’NEIL
European Director: PAUL RÉVAY
Pacific Asia Director: TADASHI YAMAMOTO

Former North American Chairmen:
PAUL A. VOLCKER (1991-2001) Honorary North American Chairman
DAVID ROCKEFELLER (1977-91) Founder and Honorary North American Chairman
GERARD C. SMITH (1973-77)
Former European Chairmen:
OTTO GRAF LAMBSDORFF (1992-2001) Honorary European Chairman
GEORGES BERTHOIN (1976-92) Honorary European Chairman
MAX KOHNSTAMM (1973-76)
Former Japanese Chairmen:
KIICHI MIYAZAWA, Acting Chairman (1993-97)
AKIO MORITA (1992-93)
ISAMU YAMASHITA (1985-92)
TAKESHI WATANABE (1973-85)
North American Deputy Chairman:
ALLAN E. GOTLIEB

European Group

Paul Adams, Chief Executive, British American Tobacco, London
Urban Ahlin, Member of the Swedish Parliament and Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Stockholm
Krister Ahlström, Vice Chairman, Stora Enso and Fortum; former Chairman, Finnish Employers Confederation; former Chairman, Ahlström Corp., Helsinki
Edmond Alphandéry, Chairman, Caisse Nationale de Prévoyance, Paris; former Chairman, Electricité de France (EDF); former Minister of the Economy and Finance
Jadréanicques An, Ambassadeur de France, Paris; former Ambassador to the United States
Jerzy Baczynski, Editor-in-Chief, Polityka, Warsaw
Estela Barbot, Director, AGA; Director, Bank Santander Negocios; Member of the General Council, AEP — Portuguese Business Association, Porto; General Honorary Consul of Guatemala, Lisbon
*Erik Belfrage, Senior Vice President, Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken; Director, Investor AB, Stockholm
Marek Belka, Executive Secretary, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), Geneva; former Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Poland, Warsaw; former Ambassador-at-Large and Chairman, Council for International Coordination, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad
Baron Jean-Pierre Berghmans, Chairman of the Executive Board, Lhoist Group, Limelette, Belgium
*Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman, European Movement; Honorary Chairman, The Jean Monnet Association; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission, Paris
Nicolas Beytout, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, D.I. Group; Former Editor of Le Figaro and Les Echos, Paris
Carl Bildt, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden; former Chairman, Kreab Group of public affairs companies; former Chairman, Nordic Venture Network, Stockholm; former Member of the Swedish Parliament, Chairman of the Moderate Party and Prime Minister of Sweden; former European Union High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina & UN Special Envoy to the Balkans
Manfred Bischoff, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, DaimlerChrysler, Munich; former Member of the Board of Management, DaimlerChrysler AG; former Chairman, EADS
Ana Patricia Botin, Executive Chairman, Banesto; Vice Chairman, Urbis; Member of the Management Committee, Santander Group, Madrid
Jean-Louis Bourlanges, Member of the European Parliament (ALDE Group/UDF) and Chairman, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Brussels; former President of the European Movement in France, Paris
*Jorge Braga de Macedo, President, Tropical Research Institute, Lisbon; Professor of Economics, Nova University at Lisbon; Chairman, Forum Portugal Global; former Minister of Finance
Lord Brittan of Spennithorne, Vice Chairman, UBS Investment Bank, London; former Vice President, European Commission
Jean-Louis Bruguière, Judge; former First Magistrate and First Vice President of the Paris County Court in charge of the anti-terrorist section
Robin Buchanan, Dean, London Business School; former Senior Partner, Bain & Company, London
*François Bujon de l’Estang, Ambassadeur de France; Chairman, Citigroup France, Paris; former Ambassador to the United States
Edelgard Bulmahn, Member of the German Bundestag and Chairwoman of the Committee on Economic Affairs; former Federal Minister, Berlin
Sven Burmester, Writer and Explorer, Denmark; former Representative, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Beijing; former World Bank Deputy Secretary and Representative in Cairo
Richard Burrows, Governor, Bank of Ireland; Director, Pernod Ricard; Chairman, the Scotch Whisky Association; former President, IBEC (The Irish Business and Employers Confederation), Dublin
*Hervé de Carmoy, Chairman, Almatis, Frankfurt-am-Main; former Partner, Rhône Group, New York & Paris; Honorary Chairman, Banque Industrielle et Mobilière Privée, Paris; former Chief Executive, Société Générale de Belgique
Antonio Carrapatoso, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Vodafone Portugal, Lisbon; Member of the Board of Directors, Vodafone Spain & Vodacom
Salvatore Carrubba, Director of Strategies and Columnist, Il Sole 24 Ore, Milan; former Culture Alderman, Municipality of Milan
Carme Chacon Piqueras, Minister of Housing; former First Vice-President of the Spanish Parliament, Madrid
Jürgen Chrobog, Chairman, BMW Herbert Quandt Foundation, Munich; former German Deputy Foreign Minister and Ambassador to the United States
Luc Coene, Minister of State; Deputy Governor, National Bank of Belgium, Brussels
Sir Ronald Cohen, Founding Partner and Executive Chairman, Apax Partners Worldwide, London


Bertrand Collomb, Chairman, Lafarge, Paris; Chairman, World Business Council for Sustainable Development
Iain Conn, Member of the Board of Directors and of the Executive Management Team, BP, London
*R Richard Conroy, Chairman, Conroy Diamonds & Gold, Dublin; Member of Senate, Republic of Ireland
Eckhard Cordes, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Board, Franz Haniel & Cie., Duisburg; Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Board, Metro; former Member of the Board, DaimlerChrysler, Stuttgart
Alfonso Cortina, Chairman, Colonial; former Chairman, Repsol-YPF Foundation, Madrid
Eduardo Costa, Executive Vice Chairman, Banco Finantia, Lisbon; Member, Forum Portugal Global
Enrico Tomaso Cucchiani, Member of the Board of Management, Allianz SE, Munich; Chief Executive Officer, Allianz S.p.A., Trieste
Michel David-Weill, Former Chairman, Lazard LLC, worldwide; Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Eurazeo, Paris
*Vladimir Dlouhy, Senior Advisor, ABB; International Advisor, Goldman Sachs; former Czechoslovak Minister of Economy; former Czech Minister of Industry & Trade, Prague
*Bill Emmott, Former Editor, The Economist, London
Pedro Miguel Echenique, Professor of Physics, University of the Basque Country; President, Foundation Donostia International Physic Center (DIPC); former Basque Minister of Education, San Sebastian
Laurent Fabius, Member of the French National Assembly and of the Foreign Affairs Committee; former Prime Minister & Minister of the Economy & Finance, Paris
Oscar Fanjul, Vice Chairman, Omega Capital, Madrid
Grete Faremo, Director of Law and Corporate Affairs for Western Europe, Microsoft Norway; former Executive Vice President, Storebrand; former Norwegian Minister of Development Cooperation, Minister of Justice and Minister of Oil and Energy, Oslo
*Nemesio Fernandez-Cuesta, Executive Director of Upstream, Repsol-YPF; former Chairman, Prensa Española, Madrid
Jürgen Fitschen, Member of the Group Executive Committee, Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt-am-Main
Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger, Foreign Editor, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Frankfurt am Main
Louise Fresco, University Professor, University of Amsterdam; Member of the Board of non-executive Directors, RABO Bank, Utrecht; former Assistant Director-General, Head of Agriculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome
Hugh Friel, Chief Executive, Kerry Group, Tralee, Co. Kerry, Ireland
Lykke Friis, Pro-Rector, University of Copenhagen
*Michael Fuchs, Member of the German Bundestag, Berlin; former President, National Federation of German Wholesale & Foreign Trade
Lord Garel-Jones, Managing Director, UBS Investment Bank, London; Member of the House of Lords; former Minister of State at the Foreign Office (European Affairs)
*Antonio Garrigues Walker, Chairman, Garrigues Abogados y Asesores Tributarios, Madrid
Wolfgang Gerhardt, Member of the German Bundestag; Chairman of the Friedrich-Naumann Foundation; former Chairman of the Free Democratic Party, Berlin
Lord Gilbert, Member of the House of Lords; former Minister for Defence, London
Esther Giménez-Salinas, Rector, Ramon Llull University; Professor of Criminal Law, ESADE Law School, Ramon Llull University, Barcelone
General The Lord Guthrie, Director, N M Rothschild & Sons, London; Member of the House of Lords; former Chief of the Defence Staff, London
Antti Herlin, Chairman of the Board, Kone Oyj, Helsinki
Helga Hernes, Senior Advisor, PRIO (International Peace Research Institute Oslo); Chair, Norwegian Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight Committee, Oslo; former Norwegian Ambassador
Nigel Higgins, Senior Partner, N M Rothschild & Sons, London
Anne-Marie Idrac, Chairman, SNCF, Paris; former Member of Parliament and State Secretary for Transport
*Mugur Isarescu, Governor, National Bank of Romania, Bucharest; former Prime Minister
*Baron Daniel Janssen, Honorary Chairman, Solvay, Brussels
Trinidad Jiménez, International Relations Secretary of the Socialist Party (PSOE) & Member of the Federal Executive Committee; Secretary of State for Latin America, Madrid
*Béla Kadar, Member of the Hungarian Academy, Budapest; Member of the Monetary Council of the National Bank; President of the Hungarian Economic Association; Former Ambassador of Hungary to the O.E.C.D., Paris; former Hungarian Minister of International Economic Relations and Member of Parliament
Robert Kassai, General Vice President, The National Association of Craftmen’s Corporations, Budapest
*Lord Kerr of Kinlochard, Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc; Member of the House of Lords, London; former British Ambassador to the United States; former Secretary General, European Convention
*Sixten Korkman, Managing Director, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA) & Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA), Helsinki
Arpad Kovacs, President, State Audit Office of Hungary, Budapest
Gabor Kovacs, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Bankar Holding; Founder, KOGART (the Kovacs Gabor Art Foundation), Budapest
Ivan Krastev, Chairman of the Board and Programme Director for Political Research, Centre for Liberal Strategies, Sofia; Editor-in-Chief, Bulgarian Edition, Foreign Policy
Jiri Kunert, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Zivnostenska banka; President of the Czech Association of Banks, Prague
Ulysses Kyriacopoulos, Chairman, S&B Group; former Chairman, Federation of Greek Industries, Athens
*Count Otto Lambsdorff, Partner, Wessing Lawyers, Düsseldorf; former Chairman, Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Berlin; former Member of German Bundestag; Honorary Chairman, Free Democratic Party; former Federal Minister of Economy; former President of the Liberal International; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission, Paris
Kurt Lauk, Member of the European Parliament (EPP Group-CDU); Chairman, Globe Capital Partners, Stuttgart; President, Economic Council of the CDU Party, Berlin; Former Member of the Board, DaimlerChrysler, Stuttgart
Anne Lauvergeon, Chairperson of the Executive Board, Areva; Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer, Cogema, Paris
Ulrich Lehner, Chairman, Henkel, Düsseldorf
Pierre Lellouche, Member of the French National Assembly and of the Foreign Affairs Committee, Paris; former President, NATO Parliamentary Assembly
Enrico Letta, Under State Secretary, Office of the Prime Minister, Italy; former Minister of European Affairs, Industry, and of Industry and International Trade, Rome
Thomas Leysen, Chief Executive Officer, Umicore, Brussels
*Marianne Lie, Director General, Norwegian Shipowner’s Association, Oslo
Erkki Liikanen, Chairman of the Board, Bank of Finland, Helsinki; former Finnish Minister of Finance; former European Commissioner
Count Maurice Lippens, Chairman, Fortis, Brussels
Peter Löscher, Chief Executive Officer, Siemens, Munich
Helge Lund, Chief Executive Officer of the Norwegian Oil Company, Statoil, Oslo
*Cees Maas, Honorary Vice Chairman of the ING Group and former Chief Financial Officer, Amsterdam; former Treasurer of the Dutch Government
Peter Mandelson, Member of the European Commission (Trade), Brussels; former Member of the British Parliament; former Secretary of State to Northern Ireland and for Trade and Industry
Abel Matutes, Chairman, Empresas Matutes, Ibiza; former Member of the European Commission, Brussels; former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Madrid
Francis Maude, Member of the British Parliament; Chairman of the Conservative Party; Director, Benfield Group; former Shadow Foreign Secretary, London
Joao de Menezes Ferreira, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, ECO-SOROS, Lisbon; former Member of the Portuguese Parliament
Friedrich Merz, Member of the German Bundestag; former Member of the European Parliament; former Chairman of the Parliamentary Group of the CDU/CSU in the Bundestag, Berlin
Peter Mitterbauer, Honorary President, The Federation of Austrian Industry, Vienna; President and Chief Executive Officer, Miba, Laakirchen
Pietro Modiano, Managing Director & Deputy Chief Executive Officer, Intesa Sanpaolo, Turin
Dominique Moïsi, Special Advisor to the Director General of the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI), Paris
Mario Monti, President and Professor Emeritus, Bocconi University, Milan; Chairman of BRUEGEL and of ECAS, Brussels; former Member of the European Commission (Competition Policy)
Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Chairman, Fiat, Turin; Chairman, Confindustria (Italian Confederation of Industry), Rome
Sir Mark Moody-Stuart, Chairman, The Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; Chairman, Anglo American; former Chairman, Royal Dutch/Shell Group, London
Klaus-Peter Müller, Chairman of the Board of Managing Directors, Commerzbank, Frankfurt-am-Main; President, Association of German Banks (BDB), Berlin
Harald Norvik, Chairman and Partner, ECON Management; former President and Chief Executive, Statoil, Oslo
Ewald Nowotny, Chief Executive Officer, BAWAG P.S.K., Vienna
Arend Oetker, President, German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP); Vice Chairman, Federation of German Industries; Managing Director, Dr. Arend Oetker Holding, Berlin
*Andrzej Olechowski, Founder, Civic Platform; Former Chairman, Bank Handlowy; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and of Finance, Warsaw
Richard Olver, Chairman, BAE Systems, London
Janusz Palikot, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Polmos, Lublin; Vice President, Polish Confederation of Private Employers; Co-owner, Publishing House slowo/obraz terytoria; Member of the Board of Directors, Polish Business Council, Warsaw
Dimitry Panitza, Founding Chairman, The Free and Democratic Bulgaria Foundation; Founder and Chairman, The Bulgarian School of Politics, Sofia
Lucas Papademos, Vice President, European Central Bank, Frankfurt-am-Main; former Governor of the Bank of Greece
Lord Patten of Barnes, Chancellor of the University of Oxford; Chairman, International Crisis Group, Brussels; former Member of the European Commission (External Relations), Brussels; former Governor of Hong Kong; former Member of the British Cabinet, London
Volker Perthes, Chairman and Director, German Institute for International and Security Affairs,
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP), Berlin
Carlo Pesenti, Managing Director, Italcementi, Bergamo
Dieter Pfundt, Personally Liable Partner, Sal. Oppenheim Bank, Frankfurt-am-Main
Josep Piqué, Chairman of the Popular Party of Catalunya, Barcelona; Member of the Parliament of Catalunya; Member of the Spanish Senate; former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Benoît Potier, Chairman of the Management Board, L’Air Liquide, Paris
Alessandro Profumo, Chief Executive Officer, UniCredit Group, Milan
Luigi Ramponi, Member of the Italian Senate; former Chairman of the Defence Committee of the Chamber of Deputies, Rome; former Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Italian Army)
Juha Rantanen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Outokumpu Group, Espoo, Finland
Wanda Rapaczynska, President of the Management Board, Agora, Warsaw
Gianfelice Rocca, Chairman, Techint Group of Companies, Milan; Vice President, Confindustria, Rome
H. Onno Ruding, Chairman, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels; Former Vice Chairman, Citibank; former Dutch Minister of Finance
Ferdinando Salleo, Vice Chairman, MCC (Mediocredito Centrale), Rome; former Ambassador to the United States
Jacques Santer, Honorary State Minister, Luxembourg; former Member of the European Parliament; former President of the European Commission; former Prime Minister of Luxembourg
*Silvio Scaglia, Chairman, Babelgum, London; Chairman, SMS Finance; former Chairman, Fastweb, Milan
Paolo Scaroni, Chief Executive Officer, ENI, Rome
*Guido Schmidt-Chiari, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Constantia Group; former Chairman, Creditanstalt Bankverein, Vienna
Henning Schulte-Noelle, Chairman of the Supervisory Board and former Chief Executive Officer, Allianz, Munich
Karel Schwarzenberg, Minister of Foreign Affairs; Founder and Director, Nadace Bohemiae, Prague; former Member of the Czech Senate; former Chancellor to President Havel; former President of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights
*Carlo Secchi, Professor of European Economic Policy and former Rector, Bocconi University; Vice President, ISPI, Milan; former Member of the Italian Senate and of the European Parliament
*Tøger Seidenfaden, Editor-in-Chief, Politiken, Copenhagen
Maurizio Sella, Chairman, Gruppo Banca Sella, Biella; former Chairman, Association of Italian Banks (A.B.I.), Rome
Slawomir S. Sikora, Chief Executive Officer and Citigroup Country Officer for Poland, Bank Handlowy w Warszawie, Warsaw
Stefano Silvestri, President, Institute for International Affairs (IAI), Rome; Commentator, Il Sole 24 Ore; former Under Secretary of State for Defence, Italy
Lord Simon of Highbury, Member of the House of Lords, Deputy Chairman of Unilever; Non-Executive Director of Suez Group; Senior Adviser of Morgan Stanley Europe; former Minister for Trade & Competitiveness in Europe; former Chairman of BP, London
Nicholas Soames, Member of the British Parliament, London
Sir Martin Sorrell, Chief Executive Officer, WPP Group, London
*Petar Stoyanov, Former President of the Republic of Bulgaria; Member of Bulgarian
Parliament; Chairman of Parliamentary Group of United Democratic Forces; Chairman of Union of Democratic Forces, Sofia
Peter Straarup, Chairman of the Executive Board, Danske Bank, Copenhagen; Chairman, the Danish Bankers Association
*Peter Sutherland, Chairman, BP p.l.c.; Chairman, Goldman Sachs International; Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Migrations; former Director General, GATT/WTO; former Member of the European Commission; former Attorney General of Ireland
Pavel Telicka, Partner, BXL-Consulting, Prague
Jean-Philippe Thierry, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, AGF (Assurances Générales de France), Paris
Lady Barbara Thomas Judge, Chairman, UKAEA (United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority); former US Securities Exchange Commissioner
*Harri Tiido, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tallinn; former Ambassador of Estonia and Head of the Estonian Mission to NATO
Marco Tronchetti Provera, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Pirelli & C., Milan; Deputy Chairman, Confindustria, Rome; former Chairman, Telecom Italia
Andreas Treichl, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Erste Bank der Oesterreichischen Sparkassen, Vienna
Elsbeth Tronstad, Executive Director, Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO); former Vice President, ABB, Oslo
Loukas Tsoukalis, Special Adviser to the President of the European Commission; Professor at the University of Athens and the College of Europe; President of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP), Athens
Mario Vargas Llosa, Writer and Member of the Royal Spanish Academy, Madrid
*George Vassiliou, Former Head of the Negotiating Team for the Accession of Cyprus to the European Union; former President of the Republic of Cyprus; Former Member of Parliament and Leader of United Democrats, Nicosia
Jeroen van der Veer, Chief Executive, Royal Dutch Shell, The Hague
Franco Venturini, Senior Editorial Commentator on Foreign Affairs, Corriere della Sera, Rome
Janne Virkkunen, Senior Editor-in-Chief, Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki
*Marko Voljc, Chief Executive Officer, K & H Bank, Budapest; former General Manager of Central Europe Directorate, KBC Bank Insurance Holding, Brussels; former Chief Executive Officer, Nova Ljubljanska Banka, Ljubljana
Alexandr Vondra, Deputy Prime Minister for European Affairs; former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Prague
Joris Voorhoeve, Member of the Council of State; former Member of the Dutch Parliament; former Minister of Defence, The Hague
*Panagis Vourloumis, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hellenic Telecommunications Organization (O.T.E.), Athens
Marcus Wallenberg, Chairman of the Board, Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB), Stockholm
*Serge Weinberg, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Accor; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Weinberg Capital Partners; former Chairman of the Management Board, Pinault-Printemps-Redoute; former President, Institute of International and Strategic Studies (IRIS), Paris
*Heinrich Weiss, Chairman, SMS, Düsseldorf; former Chairman, Federation of German Industries, Berlin
Nout Wellink, President, Dutch Central Bank, Amsterdam
Hans Wijers, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Akzo Nobel, Arnhem
Matthias Wissmann, President, Organization of the German Automobile Industry (Verband Der Automobilindustrie – VDA), Frankfurt am Main; former Member of German Bundestag; former Federal Minister
Emilio Ybarra, former Chairman, Banco Bilbao-Vizcaya, Madrid

Former Members in Public Service

John Bruton, European Union Ambassador & Head, Delegation of the European Commission to the United States
Lene Espersen, Minister of Justice, Denmark
Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of the Republic of Estonia, Tallinn


North American Group

Madeleine K. Albright, Principal, The Albright Group LLC, Washington, DC;
former U.S. Secretary of State
Richard L. Armitage, President, Armitage International LLC, Washington, DC;
former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
James L. Balsillie, Co-Chief Executive Officer, Research in Motion, Ltd., Waterloo, ON
Charlene Barshefsky, Senior International Partner, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, Washington, DC; former U.S. Trade Representative
Alan R. Batkin, Vice Chairman, Eton Park Capital Management, New York, NY
Nani Becalli-Falco, President and Chief Executive Officer, GE International, Brussels, Belgium
Doug Bereuter, President, The Asia Foundation, San Francisco, CA; former Member, U.S. House of Representatives
*C. Fred Bergsten, Director, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
Catherine Bertini, Professor of Public Administration, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; Senior Fellow, Agricultural Development, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; former Under-Secretary-General for Management, United Nations
Dennis C. Blair, USN (Ret.), Omar Bradley Chair of Strategic Leadership, Army War College and Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA
Robert D. Blackwill, President, Barbour Griffith & Rogers International, Washington, DC; former U.S. Ambassador to India; former U.S. National Security Council Deputy for Iraq;
Herminio Blanco Mendoza, Private Office of Herminio Blanco, Mexico City, NL; former Mexican Secretary of Commerce and Industrial Development
David G. Bradley, Chairman, Atlantic Media Company, Washington, DC
Lael Brainard, Vice President and Founding Director, Global Economy and Development Program,
The Brookings Institution
Harold Brown, Counselor, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; General Partner, Warburg Pincus & Company, New York, NY; former U.S. Secretary of Defense
*Zbigniew Brzezinski, Counselor, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; Robert Osgood Professor of American Foreign Affairs, Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; former U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Sylvia Mathews Burwell, President, Global Development Programs, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA
Louis C. Camilleri, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Altria Group, Inc., New York, NY
Kurt Campbell, Chief Executive Officer, Center for a New American Security (CNAS), Washington, DC; Director of the Aspen Strategy Group; former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asia and the Pacific
Raymond Chrétien, Strategic Advisor, Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP, Montreal, QC; Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Center for International Studies of the University of Montreal; former Associate Under-Secretary of State of External Affairs; former Ambassador of Canada to the Congo, Belgium, Mexico, the United States and France
William T. Coleman III, Founder, Chairman, and Chief Executive Officer, Cassatt Corporation;
Founder, former Chairman and CEO and Member, Board of Directors, BEA Systems, Inc.,
San Jose, CA
Timothy C. Collins, Senior Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Ripplewood Holdings, New York, NY
Richard N. Cooper, Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chairman, U.S. National Intelligence Council; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
E. Gerald Corrigan, Managing Director, Goldman, Sachs & Co., New York, NY; former President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Michael J. Critelli, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Pitney Bowes Inc., Stamford, CT
Lee Cullum, former regular commentator, “NewsHour with Jim Lehrer,” and columnist, Dallas, TX
H. Lawrence Culp, Jr., President and Chief Executive Officer, Danaher Corporation, Washington, DC
Gerald L. Curtis, Burgess Professor of Political Science, Columbia University, New York, NY; Visiting Professor, Graduate Research Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo
Lynn Davis, Senior Political Scientist, The RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
Arthur A. DeFehr, President and Chief Executive Officer, Palliser Furniture, Winnipeg, MB
André Desmarais, President and Co-Chief Executive Officer, Power Corporation of Canada, Montréal, QC; Deputy Chairman, Power Financial Corporation
John M. Deutch, Institute Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; former Director of Central Intelligence; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense
Jamie Dimon, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, JPMorgan Chase & Co., New York, NY
Peter C. Dobell, Founding Director, Parliamentary Centre, Ottawa, ON
Wendy K. Dobson, Professor and Director, Institute for International Business, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON; former Canadian Associate Deputy Minister of Finance
K Kenneth M. Duberstein, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Duberstein Group, Washington, DC; former Chief of Staff to President Ronald Reagan
P Peggy Dulany, Founder and Chair, Synergos Institute , New York, NY
Robert Eckert, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Mattel, Inc., El Segundo, CA
Jessica P. Einhorn, Dean, Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC; former Managing Director for Finance and Resource Mobilization, World Bank
Dianne Feinstein, Member (D-CA), U.S. Senate
Martin S. Feldstein, George F. Baker Professor of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; President and Chief Executive Officer, National Bureau of Economic Research; former U.S.Chairman, President’s Council of Economic Advisors
Roger W. Ferguson, Jr., Chairman, Swiss Re America Holding Corporation, Washington, DC; former Vice Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System
Stanley Fischer, Governor of the Bank of Israel, Jerusalem; former President, Citigroup International and Vice Chairman, Citgroup, New York, NY; former First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund
Richard W. Fisher, President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Dallas, TX; former U.S. Deputy Trade Representative
*Thomas S. Foley, Partner, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, Washington, DC; former U.S. Ambassador to Japan; former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Kristin J. Forbes, Associate Professor of Economics, MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA; former member of the Council of Economic Advisors
Michael B.G. Froman, Managing Director, Head of Infrastructure and Sustainable Development, Citi Alternative Investments, Citigroup Inc., New York, NY
Francis Fukuyama, Bernard L. Schwartz Professor International Political Economy, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC
Dionisio Garza Medina, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, ALFA, Garza Garcia, NL
Richard A. Gephardt, former Member (D-MO), U.S. House of Representatives
David Gergen, Professor of Public Service, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Editor-at-Large, U.S. News and World Report
Francisco Gil-Díaz, Executive President, Telefónica México and Central América, Mexico City, DF
Peter C. Godsoe, retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Scotiabank, Toronto, ON
*Allan E. Gotlieb, Senior Advisor, Bennett Jones LLP, Toronto, ON; Chairman, Sotheby’s, Canada; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States; North American Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Bill Graham, former Member of Canadian House of Commons; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Minister of Defence, Ottawa; Chancellor, Trinity College, University of Toronto
Donald E. Graham, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Washington Post Company,
Washington, DC
Jeffrey W. Greenberg, Managing Principal, Aquiline Capital Partners, LLC, New York, NY; former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Marsh & McLennan Companies
Richard N. Haass, President, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, NY; former Director, Policy Planning, U. S. Department of State; former Director of Foreign Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution
James T. Hackett, Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, Anadarko Petroleum Corp.,
The Woodlands, TX
John J. Hamre, President, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)
Richard F. Haskayne, Board Chairman Emeritus, University of Calgary, AB; past Chairman of the Board of TransCanada Corporation
Charles B. Heck, Senior Adviser and former North American Director, Trilateral Commission; Associate Professor of History and Global Perspectives, Principia College
Carlos Heredia, Economist, Mexico City, DF; Advisor to the Governor of Michoacán
*Carla A. Hills, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company, International Consultants, Washington, DC; former U.S. Trade Representative; former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
*Karen Elliott House, writer, Princeton, NJ; Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International
Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Senior Vice President, Dow Jones & Company, and Publisher, The Wall Street Journal
Alejandro Junco de la Vega, President and Director, Grupo Reforma, Monterrey, NL
Robert Kagan, Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC
Arnold Kanter, Principal and Founding Member, The Scowcroft Group, Washington, DC; former
U.S. Under Secretary of State
Charles R. Kaye, Co-President, Warburg Pincus LLC, New York, NY
James Kimsey, President and Executive Director, The Kimsey Foundation, Washington, DC
Michael Klein, Co-President, Corporate and Investment Banking, and Chief Executive Officer, Global Banking, Citigroup Inc., New York, NY
Steven E. Koonin, Chief Scientist, BP, London, UK
Enrique Krauze, General Director, Editorial Clio Libros y Videos, S.A. de C.V., Mexico City, DF
Robert Lane, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Deere & Company, Moline, IL
Fred Langhammer, Chairman, Global Affairs, The Estée Lauder Companies, Inc., New York, NY
Winston Lord, Co-Chairman of Overseers and former Co-Chairman of the Board, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs; former U.S. Ambassador to China
E. Peter Lougheed, Senior Partner, Bennett Jones, Barristers & Solicitors, Calgary, AB; former Premier of Alberta
*Roy MacLaren, former Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom; former Canadian Minister of International Trade; Toronto, ON
John A. MacNaughton, former President and Chief Executive Officer, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, Toronto, ON
Antonio Madero, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, San Luis Corporacion, S.A. de C.V., Mexico City, DF
John Manley, Senior Counsel, McCarthy Tétrault LLP, Ottawa, ON; former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance
*Sir Deryck C. Maughan, Managing Director and Chairman, KKR Asia, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co., New York, NY; former Vice Chairman, Citigroup
Jay Mazur, President Emeritus, UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees); Vice Chairman, Amalgamated Bank of New York; and President, ILGWU’s 21st Century Heritage Foundation, New York, NY
James Moore, Member from British Columbia, Canadian Parliament, Ottawa, ON; Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada and the Pacific Gateway and Vancouver 2010 Olympics
Marc H. Morial, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Urban League, New York, NY; former Mayor, New Orleans, LA
Heather Munroe-Blum, Principal and Vice-Chancellor, McGill University, Montreal, QC
*Indra K. Nooyi, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, PepsiCo, Inc., Purchase, NY
Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Distinguished Service Professor at Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs;
North American Vice Chairman, Trilateral Commission
David J. O’Reilly, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, CA
Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Institute of Politics Fellow, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Special Assistant to President George W. Bush and Deputy National Security Advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan, National Security Council, The White House
Richard N. Perle, Resident Fellow, American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC; member and former Chairman, Defense Policy Board, U.S. Department of Defense; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy
Thomas R. Pickering, Vice Chairman, Hills & Company, International Consultants, Washington, DC; former Senior Vice President, International Relations, The Boeing Company, Arlington, VA; former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs; former U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and the United Nations
Martha C. Piper, former President and Vice-Chancellor, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
Richard Plepler, Co-president, HBO, New York, NY
Joseph W. Ralston, USAF (Ret.), Vice Chairman, The Cohen Group, Washington, DC; former Commander, U.S. European Command, and Supreme Allied Commander NATO; former Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Department of Defense
Charles B. Rangel, Member (D-NY), U.S. House of Representatives
Federico Reyes Heroles, President of the Board, Transparencia Mexicana, Mexico City, DF
*Susan Rice, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies and Global Economy and Development Programs, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; former Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs; former Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council
Hartley Richardson, President, James Richardson & Sons, Ltd., Winnipeg, MB
Joseph E. Robert, Jr., Chairman and Chief Executive Office, J.E. Robert Companies, McLean, VA
John D. Rockefeller IV, Member (D-WV), U.S. Senate
Kenneth Rogoff, Professor of Economics and Director, Center for International Development, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chief Economist and Director, Research Department, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC
Charles Rose, Host of the Charlie Rose Show and Charlie Rose Special Edition, PBS, New York, NY
Irene B. Rosenfeld, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Kraft Foods, Inc., Northfield, IL
Dennis Ross, Counselor and Ziegler Distinguished Fellow, The Washingon Institute for Near East Policy, Washington, DC; former Special Middle East Coordinator in President Clinton’s Administration
David M. Rubenstein, Co-founder and Managing Director, The Carlyle Group, Washington, DC
*Luis Rubio, President, Center of Research for Development (CIDAC), Mexico City, DF
Arthur F. Ryan, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Prudential Financial, Inc., Newark, NJ
Jaime Serra, Chairman, SAI Consulting, Mexico City, DF; former Mexican Minister of Trade and Industry
Dinakar Singh, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, TPG-Axon Capital, New York, NY; former Co-head, Principal Strategies Department, Goldman Sachs
Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dean, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Gordon Smith, Director, Centre for Global Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC; Chairman, Board of Governors, International Development Research Centre; former Canadian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Personal Representative of the Prime Minister to the Economic Summit
Donald R. Sobey, Chairman Emeritus, Empire Company Ltd., Halifax, NS
Ronald D. Southern, Chairman, ATCO Group, Calgary, AB
James B. Steinberg, Dean, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas, Austin, TX; former Vice President and Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy National Security Advisor
Jessica Stern, Academic Director, Program on Terrorism and the Law, Harvard Law School, and Lecturer in Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Barbara Stymiest, Chief Operating Officer, RBC Financial Group, Toronto, ON
Lawrence H. Summers, Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former President, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
John J. Sweeney, President, AFL-CIO, Washington, DC
Strobe Talbott, President, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
George J. Tenet, Distinguished Professor, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, DC; former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence
John Thain, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc, New York, NY; former Chief Executive Officer, New York Stock Exchange, New York, NY; former President and Co-Chief Operating Officer, Goldman Sachs & Co.
*Paul A. Volcker, former Chairman, Wolfensohn & Co., Inc., New York; Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus, International Economic Policy, Princeton University; former Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System; Honorary North American Chairman and former North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission
William H. Webster, Senior Partner, Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP, Washington, DC; former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence; former Director, U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation; former Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Fareed Zakaria, Editor, Newsweek International, New York, NY
*Lorenzo H. Zambrano, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, CEMEX, Monterrey, NL; North American Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Ernesto Zedillo, Director, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, Yale University, New Haven, CT; former President of Mexico
Mortimer B. Zuckerman, Chairman and Editor-in-Chief, U.S. News & World Repor,t and Publisher, New York Daily News; Founder and Chairman of Boston Properties, Inc.; New York, NY

William T. Coleman, Jr., Senior Partner and the Senior Counselor, O’Melveny & Myers, Washington, DC; former U.S. Secretary of Transportation; Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission
Henry A. Kissinger, Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc., New York, NY; former U.S. Secretary of State; former U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission
Robert S. McNamara, former President, World Bank; former U.S. Secretary of Defense; former President, Ford Motor Company; Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission
David Rockefeller, Founder, Honorary Chairman, and Lifetime Trustee, Trilateral Commission,
New York, NY

Former Members In Public Service

Richard B. Cheney, Vice President of the United States
Paula J. Dobriansky, U.S. Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs
Luis Téllez, Secretary of Communications and Transport of Mexico
Robert B. Zoellick, President, World Bank


Pacific Asian Group

Note: Those without city names are Japanese Members.
Korean names are shown with surname first.

Narongchai Akrasanee, Director and Chairman of Board of Executive Directors, Export Import Bank of Thailand; former Minister of Commerce of Thailand; Bangkok
Ali Alatas, Advisor and Special Envoy of the President of the Republic of Indonesia; former Indonesian Minister for Foreign Affairs; Jakarta
Philip Burdon, Former Chairman, Asia 2000 Foundation; New Zealand Chairman, APEC; former New Zealand Minister of Trade Negotiations; Wellington
Fujio Cho, Chairman, Toyota Motor Corporation
Cho Suck-Rai, Chairman, Hyosung Group, Seoul
Chung Mong-Joon, Member, Korean National Assembly; Vice President, Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA); Seoul
Barry Desker, Dean, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies; Vice Chairman, Singapore Business Federation; Honorary Advisor to the Minister for Trade and Industry, Singapore
Takashi Ejiri, Lawyer, Nishimura Asahi Law Office
Jesus P. Estanislao, President and Chief Executive Officer, Institute of Corporate Directors/Institute of Solidarity in Asia, Manila; former Philippine Minister of Finance
Hugh Fletcher, Chancellor, The University of Auckland; former Chief Executive Officer, Fletcher Challenge
Hiroaki Fujii, Advisor, The Japan Foundation; Chairman, Mori Arts Center; former Japanese Ambassador to the United Kingdom
Shinji Fukukawa, Chairman, TEPIA, The Machine Industry Memorial Foundation
Yoichi Funabashi, Chief Diplomatic Correspondent and Columnist, The Asahi Shimbun
Carrillo Gantner, President, The Myer Foundation; Melbourne
Ross Garnaut, Professor of Economics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra
*Toyoo Gyohten, President, Institute for International Monetary Affairs; Senior Advisor, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd.
*Han Sung-Joo, President, Korea University, Seoul; former Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs; former Korean Ambassador to the United States; Pacific Asia Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
*Stuart Harris, Professor of International Relations, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra; former Australian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs
Azman Hashim, Chairman, AmBank Group, Kuala Lumpur
John R. Hewson, Chairman, The John Hewson Group, Sydney; Former Leader of the Federal Opposition, Australia; Special Adviser to the Under Secretary of UNESCAP
Ernest M. Higa, President and CEO, Higa Industries
Hong Seok Hyun, former Chairman and CEO, Joong Ang Ilbo; former Korean Ambassador to the United States; Seoul
Shintaro Hori, Chairman, Bain Capital Japan, Inc.
Murray Horn, Managing Director, Institutional Banking, ANZ (NZ) Ltd., Sydney; Chairman, ANZ Investment Bank; former Parliament Secretary, New Zealand Treasury
Hyun Hong-Choo, Senior Partner, Kim & Chang, Seoul; former Korean Ambassador to the United Nations and to the United States; Seoul
Hyun Jae-Hyun, Chairman, Tong Yang Group, Seoul
Shin’ichi Ichimura, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University; former Director, International Centre for the Study of East Asian Development, Kitakyushu
Nobuyuki Idei, Chairman of the Advisory Board of Sony Corporation; Board of Directors, Baidu
Noriyuki Inoue, Chairman and CEO, Daikin Industries, Ltd.
Motoo Kaji, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo
Kasem Kasemsri, Honorary Chairman, Thailand-U.S. Business Council, Bangkok; Chairman, Advisory Board, Chart Thai Party; Chairman, Thai-Malaysian Association; former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
Koichi Kato, Member, Japanese House of Representatives; former Secretary-General, Liberal Democratic Party
K. Kesavapany, Director, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore
Kim Kihwan, International Advisor, Goldman Sachs, Asia, Seoul; Chair, Seoul Financial Forum; former Korean Ambassador-at-Large for Economic Affairs
Kim Kyung-Won, President Emeritus, Seoul Forum for International Affairs, Seoul; former Korean Ambassador to the United States and the United Nations; Senior Advisor, Kim & Chang Law Office
Kakutaro Kitashiro, Senior Advisor, IBM Japan, Ltd.; Chairman, KEIZAI DOYUKAI (Japan Association of Corporate Executives)
Shoichiro Kobayashi, Advisor, Kansai Electric Power Company, Ltd.
*Yotaro Kobayashi, Chief Corporate Advisor, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.; Pacific Asia Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Akira Kojima, Chairman, Japan Center for Economic Research ( JCER )
Koo John, Chairman, LS Cable Ltd.; Chairman, LS Industrial Systems Co.; Seoul
Kenji Kosaka, Member, Japanese House of Representatives; former Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
*Lee Hong-Koo, Chairman, Seoul Forum for International Affairs, Seoul; former Korean Prime Minister; former Korean Ambassador to the United Kingdom and the United States
Lee In-ho, University Professor, Myongji University, Seoul; former President, Korea Foundation; former Korean Ambassador to Finland and Russia
Lee Jay Y., Vice President, Corporate Strategy Office, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Seoul
Lee Kyungsook Choi, President, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul
Adrianto Machribie, Chairman, PT Freeport Indonesia, Jakarta
*Minoru Makihara, Senior Corporate Advisor, Mitsubishi Corporation
Hiroshi Mikitani, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Rakuten, Inc.
Yoshihiko Miyauchi, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, ORIX Corporation
Isamu Miyazaki, Honorary Advisor, Daiwa Institute of Research, Ltd.; former Director-General of the Japanese Economic Planning Agency
Yuzaburo Mogi, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Kikkoman Corporation
Mike Moore, former Director-General, World Trade Organization, Geneva; Member, New Zealand Privy Council, Auckland; former Prime Minister of New Zealand
Hugh Morgan, Principal, First Charnock, Melbourne, Australia
Moriyuki Motono, former President, Foreign Affairs Society; former Japanese Ambassador to France
Jiro Murase, Managing Partner, Bingham McCutchen Murase, New York
*Minoru Murofushi, Counselor, ITOCHU Corporation
Osamu Nagayama, President and CEO, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Masao Nakamura, President and Chief Executive Officer, NTT Docomo Inc.
Masashi Nishihara, President, Research Institute for Peace and Security
Roberto F. de Ocampo, President, Asian Institute of Management; former Secretary of Finance, Manila
Sadako Ogata, President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA); former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
*Shijuro Ogata, former Deputy Governor, Japan Development Bank; former Deputy Governor for International Relations, Bank of Japan; Pacific Asia Deputy Chairman, Trilateral Commission
Sozaburo Okamatsu, President, Industrial Property Cooperation Center; former Chairman, Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry (RIETI)
*Yoshio Okawara, President, Institute for International Policy Studies; former Japanese Ambassador to the United States
Yoichi Okita, Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
Ariyoshi Okumura, Chairman, Lotus Corporate Advisory, Inc.
Anand Panyarachun, Chairman, Thai Industrial Federation; Chairman, Saha-Union Public Company, Ltd.; former Prime Minister of Thailand; Bangkok
Ryu Jin Roy, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Poongsan Corp., Seoul
Eisuke Sakakibara, Professor, Waseda University; former Japanese Vice Minister of Finance for International Affairs
SaKong Il, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Institute for Global Economics, Seoul; former Korean Minister of Finance
Yoshiyasu Sato, Advisor, Tokyo Electric Power Co. Ltd.; former Japanese Ambassador to China
Yukio Satoh, President, The Japan Institute of International Affairs; former Japanese Ambassador to the United Nations
Sachio Semmoto, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, EMOBILE, Ltd.
Masahide Shibusawa, President, Shibusawa Ei’ichi Memorial Foundation
Yasuhisa Shiozaki, Former Chief Cabinet Secretary; former Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs; Member, Japanese House of Representatives; former Parliamentary Vice Minister for Finance
Arifin Siregar, Chairman of the Governing Board, Indonesian Council on World Affairs (ICWA); former International Advisor, Goldman Sachs (Pacific Asia) LLC; former Ambassador of Indonesia to the United States; Jakarta
Jacob Soetoyo, Director and Shareholder of P.T.Gesit Maju Corporation; Jakarta
Shigemitsu Sugisaki, Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs Japan Co., Ltd.; former Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Tsuyoshi Takagi, President, JTUC-Rengo (Japanese Trade Union Confederation)
Keizo Takemi, Former Member, Japanese House of Councillors; former State Secretary for Foreign Affairs
Akihiko Tanaka, Professor , University of Tokyo
Hitoshi Tanaka, Senior Fellow, Japan Center for International Exchange; former Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs
Naoki Tanaka, President, Center for International Public Policy Studies
Teh Kok Peng, President, GIC Special Investments Private Ltd., Singapore
Kiyoshi Tsugawa, Executive Adviser & Member of Japan Advisory Board, Lehman Brothers Japan, Inc.; Member of the Board, Aozora Bank; Chairman, ARAMARK ASIA
Junichi Ujiie, Chairman, Nomura Holdings, Inc.
Sarasin Viraphol, Executive Vice President, Charoen Pokphand Co., Ltd., Bangkok; former Deputy Permanent Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Thailand
Cesar E. A. Virata, Corporate Vice Chairman and Acting Chief Executive Officer, Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC), Manila; former Prime Minister of Philippines
*Jusuf Wanandi, Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta
Etsuya Washio, President, The Foundation for Workers Welfare and Cooperative Insurance; former President, Japanese Trade Union Confederation (RENGO)
Koji Watanabe, Senior Fellow, Japan Center for International Exchange; former Japanese Ambassador to Russia
Osamu Watanabe, Executive Vice President, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd.
Taizo Yakushiji, Member, Council for Science and Technology Policy of the Cabinet Office of Japan; Executive Research Director, Institute for International Policy Studies
Tadashi Yamamoto, President, Japan Center for International Exchange; Pacific Asia Director, Trilateral Commission
Noriyuki Yonemura, Chairman, Japan Small and Medium Enterprise Management Consultants Association

Former Members in Public Service


Hisashi Owada, Judge, International Court of Justice


Participants from Other Areas
“Triennium Participants”

André Azoulay, Adviser to H.M. King Mohammed VI, Rabat, Morocco
Morris Chang, Chairman, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Taipei, Taiwan
Omar Davies, Member of the Jamaican Parliament and Minister of Finance and Planning, Kingston, Jamaica; former Director General, Planning Institute of Jamaica
Hüsnü Dogan, General Coordinator, Nurol Holding; former Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Development Foundation of Turkey; former Minister of Defence, Ankara, Turkey
Alejandro Foxley, Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs, Valparaiso, Chile
Jacob A. Frenkel, Vice Chairman, American International Group, Inc. (AIG) and Chairman, AIG’s Global Economic Strategies Group, New York, NY; Chairman, Group of Thirty; former Chairman, Merrill Lynch International London; former Governor, Bank of Israel
Victor K. Fung, Chairman, Li & Fung; Chairman, Prudential Asia Ltd., Hong Kong
Frene Ginwala, former Speaker of the National Assembly, Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa
H.R.H. Prince El Hassan bin Talal, President, The Club of Rome; Moderator of the World Conference on Religion and Peace; Chairman, Arab Thought Forum, Amman, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Ricardo Hausmann, Professor of the Practice of Economic Development, Center for International Development, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chief Economist, Inter-American Development Bank; former Venezuelan Minister of Planning and Member of the Board of the Central Bank of Venezuela
Sergei Karaganov, Dean, State University Higher School of Economics; Deputy Director, Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences; Chairman of the Presidium of the Council on Defense and Foreign Policy, Moscow, Russian Federation
Jeffrey L.S. Koo, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Chinatrust Investment, Bank, Taipei, Taiwan
Richard Li, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Pacific Century Group Holdings Ltd., Hong Kong
Ricardo Lopez Murphy, Visiting Research Fellow, Latin American Economic Research Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina; former Argentinian Finance Minister and Defence Minister
Andrónico Luksic Craig, Vice Chairman, Banco de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Qin Yaqing, Vice President, China Foreign Affairs University, Beijing, China; Vice President, China National Association for International Studies
Itamar Rabinovich, Ettinger Chair of Contemporary Middle Eastern History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Charles and Andrea Bronfman Distinguished Fellow at the Saban Center, The Brookings Institution; Distinguished Global Professor at New York University; Visiting Professor at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; former Ambassador to the United States
Rüsdü Saracoglu, President of the Finance Group, Koç Holding; Chairman, Makro Consulting, Istanbul, Turkey; former State Minister and Member of the Turkish Parliament; former Governor of the Central Bank of Turkey
Roberto Egydio Setubal, President and Chief Executive Officer, Banco Itaú S.A. and Banco Itaú Holding Financiera S.A., Sao Paulo, Brazil
Stan Shih, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Acer Group, Taipei, Taiwan
Gordon Wu, Chairman and Managing Director, Hopewell Holdings Ltd., Hong Kong
Wu Jianmin, President, China Foreign Affairs University; Executive Vice President, China National Association for International Studies, Beijing, China
Grigory A. Yavlinsky, Chairman and Co-Founder of the Russian Democratic Party “Yabloko” and former Member of the State Duma; Chairman of the Center for Economic and Political Research, Moscow, Russian Federation
Yu Xintian, President, Shanghai Institute for International Studies, Shanghai, China
Yuan Ming, Vice Dean, School of International Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China
Zhang Yunling, Director, Academic Division of International Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), Beijing, China
Wang Jisi, Dean, School of International Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China






Gun Owners Of America Exposes John MCcain’s Anti-Gun Record

http://www.gunowners.org

Arizona Senator John McCain is running for President (again). He has been courting various conservative leaders in his quest to secure the Republican nomination. McCain wants voters to believe that he is a conservative… but his record would certainly suggest otherwise.

Take, for instance, his record on gun rights and political speech affecting Second Amendment activists. Abysmal, wretched, and pathetic are words that come to mind.

GOA Ratings For John McCain

2000

C–

2002

C–

2004

F–

2006

F–

John McCain’s Liberal Record

John McCain’s Top 10 Class-Warfare Arguments Against Tax Cuts
The Geraldo Rivera Republican
Democrats Say McCain Nearly Abandoned GOP
America’s Foolish European Wannabes
Refutation Of “A Day At The Beach” Charge
Andy Card — I Have Seen McCain’s Anger
McCain’s Character — A Disaster Waiting To Happen
Sen. McCain: I Don’t Have A Temper
John McCain: Liberal In Disguise
Friendly Fire: McCain Has Some Explaining To Do
John McCain: Liberal In Disguise
McCain’s Constitution
Softening The Skeptics
McCain’s War On Political Speech
Lobbying Reforms Unconstitutional
McCain: Major League Hypocrite
McCain’s Gun Control Ad

John McCain’s Voting Record On Gun-Related Issues

109th Congress: Lock Up Your Safety
108th Congress: McCain Puts Gun Shows In Peril
107th Congress: Incumbent Protection Muzzles Gun Owners
106th Congress: Anti-gun Amendments Abound

GOA Alerts Mentioning John McCain

April 2006

Limiting Speech Of 527 Organizations

March 2006

Shutting Down Websites Prior To Elections

March 2006

Will Congress Ditch John McCain’s Internet Regulations?

February 2006

McCain Still Trying To Gag Gun Owner Criticism Of His Anti-gun Record

February 2006

McCain Moves To Punish Grassroots Groups For Congress’ Controversy

May 2002

McCain Looks To Cripple Gun Shows

Mar 2002

Incumbent Protection Could Come Up At Any Time

May 2001

Senators McCain & Lieberman Introduce Anti-gun Monstrosity

May 2001

Senate Could Soon Ban Private Sales

April 2001

Senate Passes Incumbent Protection

March 2001

Senate OK’s Free Speech Restrictions

March 2001

McCain-Feingold Up In The Senate This Week

March 2001

Incumbent Protection Threatens GOA’s Existence

February 2001

McCain Wants More Gun Control

February 2000

Presidential Campaign Advisory

North American Union Is Brainchild Of Dr. Robert Pastor

“Instead of stopping North Americans on the borders, we ought to provide them with a secure, biometric Border Pass that would ease transit across the border like an E-Z pass permits our cars to speed through toll booths.” Robert A. Pastor testifying to U.S. Congress in 2005

Dr. Robert A. Pastor

Vice President of International Affairs
Director, Center for Democracy and Election Management
Director, Center for North American Studies
Professor of International Relations

Dr. Robert A. Pastor became Vice President of International Affairs and Professor of International Relations at American University on September 1, 2002. In his new position, he directs AU’s expanding international programs and activities, reflecting the University’s commitment to become the nation’s premier global university. Dr. Pastor has established two new institutions that draw together teaching, research, and service on key global themes for the 21st century – democracy and integration. The new Center for Democracy and Election Management trains students, political leaders, journalists, and election managers from the US and abroad. The Center for North American Studies educates and conducts research about Canada, Mexico, and the United States with the aim of understanding and building a North American Community.

Dr. Pastor has combined a career of scholarship, teaching, and public policy in government and in non-governmental organizations. He was National Security Advisor for Latin America (1977-81) and has been a consultant to the Departments of State and Defense. From 1985 until arriving at AU, Dr. Pastor was Goodrich C. White Professor of Political Science at Emory University, and he was a Fellow and Founding Director of the Carter Center’s Latin American and Caribbean Program and the Democracy and China Election Projects. At The Carter Center, he founded and served as the Executive Secretary of the Council of Freely-Elected Heads of Government, a group of 32 leaders of the Americas, chaired by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter. This Council mediated elections in more than thirty countries around the world.

He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from Harvard University and an M.P.A. from the John F. Kennedy School of Government. He is the author or editor of sixteen books, including most recently, Toward a North American Community: Lessons from the Old World for the New (2001); Exiting the Whirlpool: U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Latin America and the Caribbean (2001); and A Century’s Journey: How the Great Powers Shape the World (1999). Dr. Pastor was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Malaysia, a Fulbright Professor in Mexico, and a Visiting Professor at Harvard University.

Dr. Pastor has been a foreign policy advisor to each of the Democratic Presidential Candidates since 1976 and was Chair of the Working Group on North America for the Kerry-Edwards campaign. President Bill Clinton nominated him to be Ambassador to Panama, and he served as the Senior Advisor to the Carter-Nunn-Powell Mission to restore constitutional government in Haiti in 1994.<!– (Read Dr. Pastor's publications in Foreign Service Journal and in Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World.) –> He is the Vice Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force on North America, and he is also Executive Director of the Commission on Federal Election Reform.

The European Union (EU) is the ‘blueprint’ being used to construct the North American Union (NAU). The NAU is the Brainchild of Dr. ROBERT A. PASTOR.
Dr. Robert A Pastors background and family roots are well hidden from the public. What are his motives and what organizations and persons are behind him? Why was he given the NAU assignment and who gave it to him? This information remains a secret from the American public. America is about to be raped and the rapists are all wearing masks. Powerful elements in America have declared, before congress, that America will cease to exist as a sovereign nation in 2010. Its boarders will be eliminated.

by Jerome R. Corsi

Robert Pastor intends to give away U.S. sovereignty to a newly forming North American Union exactly as he gave away the Panama Canal to Panama during Jimmy Carter’s presidency.

As we are taught in grade school, George Washington is the Father of our nation. If the North American Union comes into existence as the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) asserts, then we all better get prepared for a new hero. Robert Pastor is the person most likely to be proclaimed the father of the North American Union, a designation consistent with his decades-long history of viewing U.S. national interests through the lens of an extreme leftist almost anti-American political philosophy.

Dr. Pastor’s early professional career involved a working association with the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS). Here he participated on the Ad Hoc Working Group on Latin America, which produced a 1977 report, “The Southern Connection: Recommendations for a New Approach to Inter-American Relations,” arguing for the U.S. to abandon our anti-communist allies in Latin America in favor of supporting “ideological pluralism,” a code word for the revolutionary socialist forces taking hold in Latin America, including the communist Sandanistas and other revolutionary terrorist groups that were developing in countries such as El Salvador. Author David Horowitz’s DiscoverTheNetworks.org identifies the IPS as “America’s oldest leftwing think tank” that “has long supported Communist and Anti-American causes around the world,” with a place for KGB agents from the Soviet embassy in Washington “to convene and strategize.”

From February 1975 to January 1977, Dr. Pastor was executive director of the Linowitz Commission on U.S./Latin American Relations. The Linowitz Commission supported President Carter’s decision to negotiate a treaty to turn over the Panama Canal to Panama. Pastor left the Linowitz Commission to join become director of the Office of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs in the National Security Council in the Carter White House. There Pastor served as Carter’s “point man” in getting the Senate to narrowly vote for the Carter-Torrijos Treaty on April 18, 1978, despite staunch objections from conservative politicians including Ronald Reagan.

In December 1993, President Bill Clinton nominated Pastor to be U.S. ambassador to Panama. Pastor’s nomination was approved by a 16-3 vote in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and his confirmation looked virtually certain. The nomination failed, however, and was withdrawn by the administration in February 1995, after then-Sen. Jesse Helms (R.-N.C.) swore to prevent a Senate vote on Pastor’s nomination. Helms, who had vehemently opposed the turn-over of the Panama Canal, placed much of the blame squarely on Pastor, declaring when he opposed Pastor’s nomination that Pastor “presided over one of the most disastrous and humiliating periods in the history of U.S. involvement in Latin America.” Helms also claimed that Pastor bore responsibility for what Helms saw as “a Carter administration cover-up of alleged involvement by Nicaragua’s Sandinista government in arms shipments to leftist rebels in El Salvador.”

Dr. Pastor has also co-authored a 1989 book with his long-time friend, Jorge G. Castañeda, who began his career as a member of the Mexican Communist Party. Castañeda, a life-long admirer of the radical left, published in 1998 an admiring biography of the revolutionary “hero” Che Guevara. Castañeda, like Pastor, has sought to work in government positions to implement his theories, not satisfied to be a political scientist who writes books and teaches at universities. Castañeda too has mixed his career as a government employee by alternating time spent as an author of more than a dozen books and a university professor at various times on the faculties of the University of California at Berkeley, Princeton University, and the New York University.

Castañeda was an aggressively pro-illegal immigration foreign minister when he accompanied President Vincente Fox in the U.S. in 2001. Those were the days when Vincente Fox was declaring himself to be the president of 100 million Mexicans at home and 23 million Mexicans in the United States. Castañeda also attended with President Fox on a three-day state visit to pre-9/11 Washington. There in a joint statement on Sept. 6, 2001, the two leaders announced a bilateral “Partnership for Prosperity,” which after 9/11 evolved into the trilateral summit statement of a “Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America,” announced in Waco, Tex., on March 23, 2005. Castañeda is probably best remembered for telling in 2001 a group of mostly Latino union workers that Mexico was going to press for “the whole enchilada,” intending to legalize all illegal Mexicans aliens in the U.S.

In his pressing enthusiasm for realizing the NAU, Robert Pastor argued in a 2004 article in CFR’s Foreign Affairs, entitled “North America’s Second Decade,” that the United States would benefit by giving up U.S. national Sovereignty. “Countries are benefited,” he wrote, “when they changed these [national sovereignty] policies, and evidence suggests that North Americans are ready for a new relationship that renders this old definition of sovereignty obsolete.”

Characteristically, Dr. Pastor has seen the U.S. as a North American bully that needs to be restrained, for the good of the region and possibly even for the good of the world. On Oct. 21, 2003, he testified to the House Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere affairs along these lines:

A new approach to the Americas needs to begin with some humility and a willingness to bridge the post-Iraq gap. The United States needs to realize that its power has limits and obligations. U.S. power can compel other governments to take our agenda seriously, but if we brandish it or ignore other views, we unintentionally invite resistance or simply no cooperation. To achieve our goals in the region (and elsewhere), we need to listen more and lecture less.

In 2004, Dr. Pastor declared his support for the presidential campaign of John Kerry. Dr. Pastor’s 19-page curriculum vitae (c.v.) on the website of American University where he is currently a faculty member documents that Dr. Pastor has served as an adviser to every Democratic Party presidential candidate for three decades, since he first supported Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Dr. Pastor was the co-chair of the May 2005 CFR report, “Building a North American Community,” argued that the Security and Prosperity Partnership signed by President Bush with Mexico and Canada on March 23, 2005 should become by 2010 a “North American economic and security community, the boundaries of which would be defined by a common external tariff and an outer security perimeter.” According to his published c.v., Dr. Pastor was the “principal editor” of this CFR report as well as the vice chair of the task force that produced it.

The May 2005 CFR task force report made clear that the borders between the U.S. and Mexico and between the U.S. and Canada would be erased, with the only border to be protected to be around North America. As the report stated on page 3, the boundaries of the North American Union “will be defined by a common external tariff and an outer security perimeter within which the movement of people, products, and capital will be legal, orderly, and safe.” The “outer security perimeter” referred specifically to the border around Canada, the U.S., and Mexico — such that the borders between these countries would be virtually erased. Dr. Pastor left no doubt about his view of U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada in his June 2005 testimony to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee:

Instead of stopping North Americans on the borders, we ought to provide them with a secure, biometric Border Pass that would ease transit across the border like an E-Z pass permits our cars to speed through toll booths.

Note that Dr. Pastor’s reference was to “North Americans,” a term he meant to replace the current designations of “Mexicans,” “Americans,” and “Canadians,” much as he also was arguing for the NAU to replace the USA.

Dr. Pastor himself proclaims that the May 2005 CFR task force report on which he was vice chair and principal editor was a “blueprint” for the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP). In his June 2005 testimony to the U.S. Senate, Dr. Pastor informed the Foreign Relations Committee of this link:

Entitled “Building a North American Community,” the report offered a blueprint of the goals that the three countries of North America should pursue and the steps needed to achieve these goals.

The CFR report, under Robert Pastor’s direction, recommended expanding the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) into a North American military command, creating a North American Development Fund to help pay for Mexico’s economic development, establishing a North American Union Court to resolve disputes, establishing a North American Advisory Council to serve as the NAU executive branch, and creating a North American Inter-Parliamentary Group to act as NAU lawmaker. These recommendations derive directly from Robert Pastor’s many published books and papers, as well as his extensive professional testimony to Congress and groups such as the Tri-Lateral Commission. His most comprehensive statement of his views on creating the NAU by transforming NAFTA into a political entity were expressed in his 2001 book, “Toward a North American Community“, where he also advocated the creation of a common NAU currency, the Amero, as first proposed by Canadian economist Herbert Grubel.

Critics who argue that the NAU is a “conspiracy theory” are well advised to take a hard look at Robert Pastor. With U.S. policy toward Latin America, Dr. Pastor first approached the issue in writing (for the radical IPS, as we have noted), next as a university professor, and finally as a government official. Had John Kerry won the 2004 presidential election, Robert Pastor most likely would have emerged with a government position from which he could have pursued his NAU agenda. Given the re-election of George Bush, Dr. Pastor has surfaced within the CFR, an influential “think-tank” NGO whose history of impacting U.S. policy would suggest the CFR impact on SPP.gov could easily be more than academic.

Watch Video Of Robert Pastor Use Double Speak On Lou Dobbs Interview

Federal Reserve To Blame For Economy’s Woes – Ron Paul

By CAIN BURDEAU
Associated Press

KENNER, La. — Ron Paul, a long-shot Republican presidential contender and Texas congressman, said Monday that the Federal Reserve is to blame for the country’s weakening economy.

Paul highlighted his economic remedies — abolishing the federal income tax and returning to the gold standard, among them — on a three-city tour of Louisiana.

The libertarian-minded Paul was the only candidate to visit Louisiana on the eve of the state’s Republican caucuses on Tuesday. The caucuses are an intermediary step in picking a favorite candidate. A presidential primary will take place on Feb. 9 and a state convention will convene on Feb. 16.

Paul blamed the Federal Reserve for the current economic conditions; stock markets worldwide fell Monday after Wall Street declined last week. On his Web site, he said the Fed has taken the United States “into a terrible crisis.”

Paul told an overflow crowd at a suburban New Orleans hotel on Monday that the Fed has allowed the dollar to weaken, which in turn, he said, has hurt the middle class and led to inflation.

“I would enjoy being the next president to get rid of our central bank,” he told supporters. The crowd gave him a raucous welcome, chanting at one point, “Who dat? Who dat say they’re gonna beat Ron Paul?” — a riff on a popular football chant for the New Orleans Saints.

Paul, on his Web site Monday, said his opponents’ economic policies are based on ill-advised “print-and-spend” theories. He added that he would cure the economic crisis by ending the “hyper-expensive, hyper-dangerous empire all around the globe.”

Paul is a 10-term congressman from southeast Texas whose campaign differs on many points from most of his Republican rivals. He opposes the Iraq war and the death penalty, for instance, and votes against military appropriations.

He would also like to abolish the Education Department, Energy Department and Internal Revenue Service. He is against abortion and gun control.

In Nevada, Paul was a distant second to former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. Still, Paul called Nevada “a shot in the arm” and pledged to keep campaigning “all the way through a brokered convention.”

As of late, Paul has been raising hefty sums, pulling in about $20 million in the last quarter of 2007, his campaign said.

He’s been running an Internet-driven campaign, trying to appeal to and excite younger and libertarian-minded voters. Monday marked another so-called “Money Bomb,” in which his campaign aims to raise as much money online as possible in one day.

U.S. Solicitor General Paul D. Clement Says 2nd Amendment Can Be Restricted


By Bob Unruh
© 2008 WorldNetDaily.com
January 19, 2008

Paul Clement
A Second Amendment advocacy organization is asking the Bush administration to withdraw a legal brief that leaders fear could be used to support “any gun ban – no matter how sweeping,” as long as some court somewhere determines it is “reasonable.”

The concern comes from Larry Pratt, executive director of Gun Owners of America, whose group is pleading with the Bush administration to withdraw an anti-gun brief filed by the U.S. Solicitor General in a Supreme Court case regarding a District of Columbia ban on handguns.

The document from U.S. Solicitor General Paul D. Clement noted since “unrestricted” private ownership of guns clearly threatens the public safety, the Second Amendment can be interpreted to allow a variety of gun restrictions.

His brief suggests gun rights are limited and since they are subject to “reasonable regulation,” all gun limits imposed by the federal government should be affirmed as constitutional.

“Given the unquestionable threat to public safety that unrestricted private firearm possession would entail, various categories of firearm-related regulation are permitted by the Second Amendment,” he wrote in the brief.

But Gun Owners of America, a grass-roots lobby representing more than 300,000 Americans, said the opinion creates a huge threat to the constitutional provision banning the “infringement” of the right to bear arms.

935 False Statements By Bush Administration Created War In Iraq

WASHINGTON (AP) — A study by two nonprofit journalism organizations found that President Bush and top administration officials issued hundreds of false statements about the national security threat from Iraq in the two years following the 2001 terrorist attacks.

The study concluded that the statements “were part of an orchestrated campaign that effectively galvanized public opinion and, in the process, led the nation to war under decidedly false pretenses.”

The study was posted Tuesday on the Web site of the Center for Public Integrity, which worked with the Fund for Independence in Journalism.

White House spokesman Scott Stanzel did not comment on the merits of the study Tuesday night but reiterated the administration’s position that the world community viewed Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, as a threat.

“The actions taken in 2003 were based on the collective judgment of intelligence agencies around the world,” Stanzel said.

The study counted 935 false statements in the two-year period. It found that in speeches, briefings, interviews and other venues, Bush and administration officials stated unequivocally on at least 532 occasions that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction or was trying to produce or obtain them or had links to al-Qaida or both.

“It is now beyond dispute that Iraq did not possess any weapons of mass destruction or have meaningful ties to al-Qaida,” according to Charles Lewis and Mark Reading-Smith of the Fund for Independence in Journalism staff members, writing an overview of the study. “In short, the Bush administration led the nation to war on the basis of erroneous information that it methodically propagated and that culminated in military action against Iraq on March 19, 2003.”

Named in the study along with Bush were top officials of the administration during the period studied: Vice President Dick Cheney, national security adviser Condoleezza Rice, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Colin Powell, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz and White House press secretaries Ari Fleischer and Scott McClellan.

Bush led with 259 false statements, 231 about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and 28 about Iraq’s links to al-Qaida, the study found. That was second only to Powell’s 244 false statements about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and 10 about Iraq and al-Qaida.

The center said the study was based on a database created with public statements over the two years beginning on Sept. 11, 2001, and information from more than 25 government reports, books, articles, speeches and interviews.

“The cumulative effect of these false statements — amplified by thousands of news stories and broadcasts — was massive, with the media coverage creating an almost impenetrable din for several critical months in the run-up to war,” the study concluded.

“Some journalists — indeed, even some entire news organizations — have since acknowledged that their coverage during those prewar months was far too deferential and uncritical. These mea culpas notwithstanding, much of the wall-to-wall media coverage provided additional, ‘independent’ validation of the Bush administration’s false statements about Iraq,” it said.

Freemasons Gave Name To The Pentagon Reconstruction Project After 9/11 Attacks

Fact Sheet
U.S. Department of State
Washington, DC
August 15, 2002

The Freemasons named the Pentagon Reconstruction Project The Phoenix Project because of the important meaning the Phoenix has in Freemasonry. This Blog proves it.

Pentagon Reconstruction: The Phoenix Project

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense in Washington, DC. It consists of five concentric pentagons of corridors and offices, with the designation of “rings” and labeled “A” through “E.” These rings are interconnected and enable employees to walk to other sections without ever going outside. Twenty-three thousand military and civilian employees work in the Pentagon.

Rebuilding

  • The area of work covers the outer three rings of the Pentagon (E, D, and C) between Corridors 4 and 5.
  • Approximately 400,000 square feet of space required complete structural demolition and reconstruction. Half of this area rests in the newly renovated Wedge 1 section of the Pentagon and the other half falls in the un-renovated Wedge 2.
  • The Phoenix Project scope of work includes rebuilding the core and shell of Wedge 1 and the shell of Wedge 2.

Cost

  • It will cost upwards of $700 million to recover the entire two million square feet damaged by the attack.
  • About 2.1 million pounds of limestone were quarried and cut in southern Indiana before being sent to the Pentagon. The 3,700 stone pieces required for the effort are in place on the exterior of the building.
  • As many as 1,000 workers, initially working three shifts, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, undertook project.

Milestones

  • On June 11, the last piece of limestone was set into the Pentagon’s western façade.
  • A condolence book, a Presidential photo, and handmade sympathy cards written by children were included in a bronze box that was sealed into the limestone facade of the newly rebuilt section of the Pentagon.
  • The capsule is not intended to be opened.

Completion

  • The E-ring, the Pentagon’s outer ring where the aircraft hit the building will be reoccupied on September 11, 2002.
  • All of the areas damaged by the terrorist attack will be completely restored by Spring of 2003.

  • This page concentrates on Masonic symbols. Occultists put an enormous emphasis on communicating through symbols with other members while hiding the truth from the Initiates and the “profane,” i.e., people who are not members.

    “Magic Symbols,” by Fredrick Goodman states that “The true magic symbol is an image which hides an inner meaning. This meaning is usually cunningly hidden behind a form which most people think they can understand immediately.” [p. 6]

    Examining these Masonic symbols reveals the cunningly hidden meanings. Then compare them with known Satanic symbols so you can easily see from whence Freemasonry receives her “supernatural insights” and her “spiritual Light.”

    THE DOUBLE-HEADED EAGLE

    The double-headed eagle is probably the most easily recognizable Masonic symbol in the world, even more important than the Square and Compass/Rule.

    They look like two eagles, but they are not. They are the Phoenix Bird of Ancient Egypt. Remember that the Brotherhood was known in ancient Egypt as, “The Mystery Schools.”

    The current Presidential Seal has an eagle in it. The eagle replaced the Phoenix(the original national bird) in 1841 as the national bird. The Phoenix has been a Brotherhood symbol since ancient Egypt. The Phoenix was adopted by the Founding Fathers for use on the reverse of the first official seal of the United States after a design proposed by Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress.

    Listen to the explanation from Masonic author, Manly P. Hall, 33rd Degree, K.T., in his book, The Phoenix: An Illustrated Review of Occultism and Philosophy . [Before we begin, I find it highly interesting that Hall would admit, by his use of this title, that Freemasonry is occultic].

    “Among the ancients a fabulous bird called the Phoenix is described by early writers … in size and shape it resembles the eagle, but with certain differences. The body of the Phoenix is one covered with glossy purple feathers, and the plumes in its tail are alternately blue and red. The head of the bird is light in color, and about its neck is a circlet of golden plumage. At the back of its back the Phoenix has a crest of feathers of brilliant color … The Phoenix, it is said, lives for 500 years, and at its death its body opens and the new born Phoenix emerges. Because of this symbolism, the Phoenix is generally regarded as representing immortality and resurrection … The Phoenix is one sign of the secret orders of the ancient world and of the initiate of those orders, for it was common to refer to one who had been accepted into the temples as a man twice-born, or reborn. Wisdom confers a new life, and those who become wise are born again.” [p. p. 176-77]

    Freemasons like all occultists, refer to their initiates who have completed their initiation, as being “Born Again.” In 1988, when George Bush was on the Presidential Campaign Trail; Barbara Walters interviewed him. She asked him a question that caught him off guard. Barbara asked George if he was a Christian. Bush literally stumbled, looked down for a moment, and answered, “If by being a Christian, you ask if I am ‘Born Again,’ then yes, I am a Christian.”

    Bush parsed his words carefully, unlike a Born Again Christian. Bush has a lifetime membership in an Illuminist Masonic secret society called, Skull & Bones. The answer that Bush gave is typical of an occultist. They claim to be Born Again. They are also filled with religious ecstasy when the spirit of Lucifer sweeps through them upon Initiation.

    Back to the Phoenix Bird. Listen to the explanation given by a radical feminist, Barbara Walker, in her occult book, Now Is The Dawning , p. 281. Egyptians believed that the Phoenix was the representative of a god who “rose to heaven in the form of a morning star, like Lucifer, after his fire-immolation of death and rebirth …”

    Wow! In one sweet, short, and simple sentence, we have conclusive proof that the Phoenix bird is a symbol of Lucifer!

    Listen now to the testimony of another former witch, William Schnoebelen, in his book, Satan’s Door Revisited , p. 4. “The Phoenix, of Bunnu is believed to be a divine bird going back to Egypt … This Phoenix destroys itself in flames and then rises from the ashes. Most occultists believe that the Phoenix is a symbol of Lucifer who was cast down in flames and who … will one day rise triumphant. This [belief] also relates to the raising of Hiram Abiff, the Masonic ‘Christ’.”

    To prevent most people from associating the Masonic Eagle with the ancient Phoenix, Freemasons changed the Phoenix to an Eagle, and began to refer to it as an Eagle. However, two Masonic authors blow the lid off that change in symbolism.

    Manly P. Hall, in his book, The Lost Keys of Freemasonry , states, “These were the immortals to whom the term ‘phoenix’ was applied, and their symbol was the mysterious two-headed bird, now called an eagle , a familiar and little understood Masonic emblem .” [p. 108; Emphasis added]

    Albert Pike, in Magnum Opus, writes, “… the Eagle was the living Symbol of Egyptian God Mendes … and the representative of the Sun …” [p. xviii]

    In one sentence, we see the admission that the Phoenix Bird of Ancient Satanic Egypt was changed into the Masonic Eagle and then Pike admits that the Eagle is the Symbol of the Sun God and of the God of Mendes, both symbols being common Satanic symbols of Satan/Lucifer !

    Remember also the Satanic meaning of the phrase depicted below the eagle the two Eagles — “DEUS MEUMQUE JUS.” As explained in this is a typical Satanic Latin phrase, meaning, “… Masons are saying that they are ‘using occult methods,’ through Lucifer, to achieve their Rights and Justice.”

    But why would a two-headed Eagle be adopted by Masonry, instead of a one-headed Eagle? Masonic author, R. Swinburne Clymer, writing in The Mysteries of Osiris , 1951, explains. “When they [pagans] desired to express the renewal, or beginning, of the year, they represented it in the form of a door-keeper. It could easily be distinguished by the attributes of a key … At times, they gave it two heads, back to back … In time, this [back-to-back key symbol] became the double-headed Eagle of symbolic Masonry.” [p. 42]


    Active Members Of The Secret Government Running The U.S. – The Council On Foreign Relations 2008 (Incomplete List)

    Here Is One Of The Goals Of The Council ON Foreign Relations – Creating The North American Union


    Watch Video About David Rockefeller’s Influence At The Council On Foreign Relations.

    The Council on Foreign Relations is headquartered in New York City. A third of the Council’s members reside in or around New York City, and another third in Washington, DC, and around the nation. Over 160 employees work out of the landmarked Harold Pratt House, located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan.

    The Council’s New York headquarters hosts more than 250 events annually, including panel discussions, lectures, interviews, symposia, town hall meetings, film screenings, book clubs, and conference calls. Senior government officials, global leaders, and prominent thinkers regularly come together with Council members as part of the New York Meetings, Studies, and Corporate programs to debate and discuss major foreign policy issues. Accounts of on-the-record Council meetings are available in three formats on CFR.org: transcripts, videos, and audio streams.

    The main purpose of these meetings is to provide a nonpartisan forum for informed policy debate. They cover a range of regional and topical issues, with a strong focus on Iraq, energy and the environment, the global war on terrorism, and religion and foreign policy. These activities bring Council members together with senior government officials, world leaders, academic experts, and prominent thinkers to discuss the major foreign policy issues of our time.

    The majority of fellows in the Think Tank are based in New York. These fellows contribute to the larger foreign policy debate by writing books, articles, and op-eds on the most important challenges facing the United States and the world. They also write topical reports, books, and other publications.

    The Council also has a growing and multifaceted presence in the nation’s capital—the Washington Program—and a dynamic National Program for members living across the country. The Council’s active Corporate Program provides the business community an opportunity to gain new insights into the intersection of politics, economics, and business.

    The Council’s New York office is also home to Foreign Affairs, the preeminent journal covering international affairs and U.S. foreign policy. Founded in 1921, recently it was ranked number one in influence among opinion-leaders in a national study.


    Here Is The Active Members Of The Council Of Foreign Relations 2008:

    EXECUTIVE OFFICE

    Richard N. Haass President
    Janice L. Murray Senior Vice President, Treasurer,
    and Chief Operating Officer
    Jeffrey A. Reinke Chief of Staff to the President
    Charles Landow Special Assistant to the President, Research
    Jessica Legnos Special Assistant to the President
    Eva Tatarczyk Executive Assistant to the President
    Fiona Korwin-Pawlowski Special Assistant to the Senior
    Vice President, Treasurer, and
    Chief Operating Officer
    Lilita V. Gusts Secretary of the Corporation and
    Director, Library and Research Services
    Leslie H. Gelb President Emeritus and
    Board Senior Fellow
    Jeanne-Paloma Zelmati Research Associate to the President
    Emeritus and Board Senior Fellow
    Elva Murphy Assistant to the President Emeritus
    and Board Senior Fellow
    Alton Frye Presidential Senior Fellow Emeritus

    Board of Directors

    Carla A. Hills

    Co-Chairman; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company

    Robert E. Rubin

    Co-Chairman; Director and Chairman of the Executive Committee, Citigroup, Inc.

    Richard E. Salomon

    Vice Chairman; Chairman, Mecox Ventures, Inc.

    Richard N. Haass

    President, Council on Foreign Relations

    Peter Ackerman

    Managing Director, Rockport Capital, Inc.

    Fouad Ajami

    M. Khadduri Prof. of Middle Eastern Studies, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

    Madeleine K. Albright

    Principal, The Albright Group LLC

    Charlene Barshefsky

    Senior International Partner, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP

    Henry S. Bienen

    President, Northwestern University

    Stephen W. Bosworth

    Dean, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

    Tom Brokaw

    NBC News

    Sylvia Mathews Burwell

    President, Global Development Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

    Frank J. Caufield

    Co-Founder, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers

    Kenneth M. Duberstein

    Chairman and CEO, The Duberstein Group, Inc.

    Martin S. Feldstein

    President, National Bureau of Economic Research

    Richard N. Foster

    Managing Partner, Millbrook Management Group LLC

    Stephen Friedman

    Chairman, Stone Point Capital

    Helene D. Gayle

    President & CEO, CARE

    Maurice R. Greenberg

    Chairman & CEO, C.V. Starr & Co., Inc.

    Richard C. Holbrooke

    Vice Chairman, Perseus LLC

    Alberto Ibargüen

    President & Chief Executive Officer, John S. and James L. Knight Foundation

    Henry R. Kravis

    Founding Partner, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.

    Jami Miscik

    Managing Director, Global Head of Sovereign Risk, Lehman Brothers

    Michael H. Moskow

    Senior Fellow for the Global Economy, The Chicago Council on Global Affairs

    Joseph S. Nye, Jr.

    Distinguished Service Professor, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

    Ronald L. Olson

    Senior Partner, Munger Tolles and Olson LLP

    James W. Owens

    Chairman & CEO, Caterpillar Inc.

    Colin L. Powell

    United States Army (Ret.)

    David M. Rubenstein

    Co-Founder and Managing Director, The Carlyle Group

    Anne-Marie Slaughter

    Dean, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University

    Joan E. Spero

    President, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

    Strobe Talbott

    President, Brookings Institution

    Vin Weber

    CEO and Partner, Clark & Weinstock

    Christine Todd Whitman

    President, The Whitman Strategy Group

    Fareed Zakaria

    Editor, Newsweek International

    Officers and Directors Emeriti:

    Leslie H. Gelb (President Emeritus)
    Maurice R. Greenberg (Honorary Vice Chairman)
    Charles McC. Mathias, Jr. (Director Emeritus)
    Peter G. Peterson (Chairman Emeritus)
    David Rockefeller (Honorary Chairman)
    Robert A. Scalapino (Director Emeritus)

    International Advisory Board

    The International Advisory Board (IAB), established by the Board of Directors in 1995 under the chairmanship of David Rockefeller, Honorary Chairman of the Council, meets annually in conjunction with the fall Board meeting to offer perspectives on a broad range of matters of concern to the Council. IAB members are invited to comment on institutional programs and strategic directions, and on practical opportunities for collaboration between the Council and institutions abroad. They also provide invaluable international insights into U.S. foreign policy in discussions on a variety of issues—from the need for new strategies and institutions for the twenty-first century, to the value of multilateral approaches toward world problems, to ways to foster democratization.

    The IAB includes the following distinguished individuals:

    Peter G. Peterson, Chairman, International Advisory Board
    Chairman Emeritus, Council on Foreign Relations;
    Senior Chairman and Co-Founder, The Blackstone Group

    Syed Babar Ali
    (Pakistan) Chairman, Interbank; Advisor, Packages Limited; Former Minister of Finance, Economic Affairs and Planning, Pakistan

    Khalid A. Alturki
    (Saudi Arabia), Chairman, Trading and Development Company (TRADCO)

    Mukesh D. Ambani
    (India), Chairman and Managing Director, Reliance Industries Ltd.

    Ahmad E. Bishara
    (Kuwait), Secretary-General, National Democratic Movement

    Mark C. Chona
    (Zambia), Chairman and CEO, Sumika Consultancy and Management Services Ltd.; former Political Adviser to the President of Zambia

    Gustavo A. Cisneros
    (Venezuela), Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Cisneros Group of Companies

    Gerhard Cromme
    (Germany) Chairman, Supervisory Board, ThyssenKrupp AG

    Abdel Raouf El Reedy
    (Egypt) Chairman, Egyptian Council on Foreign Affairs

    Jacob A. Frenkel
    (Israel), Vice Chairman, American International Group; former Governor, Bank of Israel

    Mikhail Fridman
    (Russia), Chairman, Alfa Bank

    Toyoo Gyohten
    (Japan), President, Institute for International Monetary Affairs; former Vice Minister of Finance, Japan

    Baba Gana Kingibe
    (Nigeria), AU Special Representative in the Sudan; former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria

    Yotaro Kobayashi
    (Japan), Chief Corporate Adviser, Fuji Xerox Company, Ltd.

    Rahmi M. Koç
    (Turkey), Honorary Chairman, Koç Holdings A.S.

    Luiz Felipe Lampreia
    (Brazil), Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Centro Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais; former Foreign Minister of Brazil

    Maurice Lévy
    (France), Chairman of the Management Board and CEO, Publicis Groupe

    Brian Mulroney
    (Canada), former Prime Minister of Canada; Senior Partner, Ogilvy Renault

    Sari Nusseibeh
    (Palestinian Authority), President, Al Quds University

    Sadako Ogata
    (Japan), President, Japan International Cooperation Agency; former U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees

    Lubna S. Olayan
    (Saudi Arabia), Chief Executive Officer, Olayan Financing Company

    Ana Palacio
    (Spain), Senior Vice President and World Bank Group General Counsel

    Surin Pitsuwan
    (Thailand), Member of Parliament; former Foreign Minister of Thailand

    Prannoy Roy
    (India), President, New Delhi Television Ltd.

    Zalman Shoval
    (Israel), Head, Foreign Policy Bureau, Likud Party; former Israeli Ambassador to the United States

    Khehla Shubane
    (South Africa), Director, RMB Holdings

    Washington SyCip
    (Philippines), Chairman and Founder, SGV Group; Chairman, Asian Institute of Management

    Horst M. Teltschik
    (Germany), Chairman, Teltschik Associates GmbH

    Jacob Wallenberg
    (Sweden), Chairman of the Board, Investor AB

    Jusuf Wanandi
    (Indonesia) Senior Fellow, Centre for Strategic and International Studies (Jakarta)

    Shirley V. T. Brittain Williams
    (United Kingdom), Member, House of Lords

    Yuan Ming
    (China), Director, Institute for International Relations, Beijing University

    Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
    (Mexico), former President of Mexico; Director, Center for the Study of Globalization, Yale University

    TASK FORCE PROGRAM

    Anya Schmemann Director, Task Force Program
    Lindsay Workman Associate Director
    Swetha Sridharan Research Associate

    FOREIGN AFFAIRS
    EDITORIAL

    James F. Hoge Jr. Editor, Peter G. Peterson Chair
    Gideon Rose Managing Editor
    Stéphanie Giry Senior Editor
    Daniel Kurtz-Phelan Senior Editor
    Sasha Polakow-Suransky Associate Editor
    Basharat Peer Assistant Editor
    Rosemary Hartman Assistant to the Editor
    Ann Hathaway Coleman Assistant to the Managing Editor
    Mary Davis Editorial Assistant
    Ann Tappert Copy Editor
    Lorenz Skeeter Production Manager
    Ib Ohlsson Contributing Artist

    PUBLISHING

    David Kellogg Publisher
    Lynda Hammes Associate Publisher
    Edward Walsh Advertising Manager
    Michael Pasuit Senior Account Manager
    Emilie Harkin Senior Marketing Manager
    Sacha Nana Assistant Manager, Advertising Sales
    and Marketing
    Andrea Martin Assistant Manager, Marketing
    Katie Sedgwick Special Assistant to the Publisher

    COUNCIL PUBLISHING AND WEBSITE

    David Kellogg Senior Vice President and Publisher
    Katie Sedgwick Special Assistant to the
    Senior Vice President and Publisher

    COUNCIL PUBLISHING

    Patricia Lee Dorff Director
    Lia C. Norton Associate Editor

    CFR.org

    Michael Moran Executive Editor
    Robert McMahon Deputy Editor
    Bernard Gwertzman Consulting Editor
    Jeremy Sherlick Multimedia Producer
    Jayshree Bajoria Staff Writer
    Greg Bruno Staff Writer
    Stephanie Hanson News Editor
    Toni Johnson Staff Writer
    Eben Kaplan Associate Editor
    Lee Hudson Teslik Assistant Editor

    WEB MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

    Tom Davey Director
    Cree Frappier Deputy Director
    Carl Strolle Web Technical Producer
    Joan McGrath Web Producer
    Juan-Carlos Sobrino Web Producer

    DAVID ROCKEFELLER STUDIES PROGRAM
    DIRECTOR OF STUDIES OFFICE

    Gary Samore Vice President, Director of Studies,
    Maurice R. Greenberg Chair
    Sebastian Mallaby Deputy Director of Studies
    Janine Hill Deputy Director of Studies
    for Administration
    Jean-Michel Oriol Associate Director, Budget Management
    Amy Gunning Baker Associate Director, Studies
    Administration and Junior Staff
    Professional Development Program
    Melanie Gervacio Assistant Director of Studies
    Katie Ivanick Assistant to the Vice President
    and Director of Studies

    FELLOWS

    Edward Alden Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow
    Caroline Atkinson Adjunct Senior Fellow
    for International Economics
    Peter Beinart Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy
    Richard K. Betts Adjunct Senior Fellow
    for National Security Studies
    Jagdish N. Bhagwati Senior Fellow for
    International Economics
    Stephen Biddle Senior Fellow for Defense Policy
    Max Boot Senior Fellow for National Security
    Studies
    David Braunschvig Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business
    and Foreign Policy
    Jerome A. Cohen Adjunct Senior Fellow for Asia Studies
    Isobel Coleman Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy
    Steven A. Cook Douglas Dillon Fellow
    James P. Dougherty Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business
    and Foreign Policy
    Elizabeth C. Economy C.V. Starr Senior Fellow and
    Director of Asia Studies
    Noah Feldman Adjunct Senior Fellow
    Charles D. Ferguson Fellow for Science and Technology
    Stephen E. Flynn Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow
    for National Security Studies
    Laurie Garrett Senior Fellow for Global Health
    Michael J. Gerson Roger Hertog Senior Fellow
    James M. Goldgeier Whitney H. Shepardson Senior Fellow
    for Transatlantic Relations
    Joseph Helman National Intelligence Fellow
    Peter B. Kenen Adjunct Senior Fellow
    for International Economics
    Roger M. Kubarych Henry Kaufman Adjunct Senior
    Fellow for International Economics
    and Finance
    Charles A. Kupchan Senior Fellow for Europe Studies

    S t a f f

    Note: Staff shown as of September 10, 2007.
    Michael A. Levi Fellow for Science and Technology
    Princeton N. Lyman Adjunct Senior Fellow for
    Africa Policy Studies
    Sebastian Mallaby Director of the Maurice R. Greenberg
    Center for Geoeconomic Studies
    and Paul A. Volcker Senior Fellow
    for International Economics
    Daniel Markey Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan,
    and South Asia
    Walter Russell Mead Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow
    for U.S. Foreign Policy
    William L. Nash Adjunct Senior Fellow for
    Confl ict Prevention and Director
    of the Military Fellows Program
    Vali R. Nasr Adjunct Senior Fellow
    for Middle Eastern Studies
    Shannon O’Neil Fellow for Latin America Studies
    Elliot Schrage Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business
    and Foreign Policy
    Adam Segal Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow
    for China Studies
    Stephen Sestanovich George F. Kennan Senior Fellow
    for Russian and Eurasian Studies
    Timothy Samuel Shah Adjunct Senior Fellow for Religion
    and Foreign Policy
    Elizabeth Adjunct Senior Fellow
    Sherwood-Randall for Alliance Relations
    Amity Shlaes Senior Fellow for Economic History
    Steven Simon Hasib J. Sabbagh Senior Fellow
    for Middle Eastern Studies
    Matthew J. Slaughter Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business
    and Globalization
    Sheila Smith Adjunct Senior Fellow
    Gene B. Sperling Senior Fellow for Economic Policy
    and Director of the Center
    for Universal Education
    Paul B. Stares General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow
    for Confl ict Prevention and Director
    of the Center for Preventive Action
    Benn Steil Senior Fellow and Director
    of International Economics
    Julia E. Sweig Nelson and David Rockefeller
    Senior Fellow for Latin America Studies
    and Director of Latin America Studies
    Ray Takeyh Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern
    Studies
    David G. Victor Adjunct Senior Fellow for Science
    and Technology

    VISITING FELLOWS

    Mohamad Bazzi Edward R. Murrow Press Fellow
    Colonel Robert S. Ferrell USA Military Fellow
    Colonel Paul E. USMC Military Fellow
    Greenwood
    Captain Jeff rey A. Harley USN Military Fellow
    Joseph Helman National Intelligence Fellow
    J. Anthony Holmes Cyrus Vance Fellow in Diplomatic
    Studies in Africa
    Colonel Jeff rey B. USAF Military Fellow
    Kendall
    Jessica LeCroy Visiting Senior Fellow for Geoeconomics
    Scott G. Borgerson International Aff airs Fellow
    Michelle Gavin International Aff airs Fellow

    RESEARCH AND PROGRAM STAFF

    Susan Basu Research Associate
    Jaclyn Berfond Research Associate
    James Bergman Research Associate
    Michael Bustamante Research Associate
    Sebastián Chaskel Research Associate
    Jamie Ekern Assistant Director, Center for
    Preventive Action
    John Elliott Research Associate
    William Evans Research Associate
    Seth Flaxman Research Associate
    Jeff rey Friedman Research Associate
    Robert Harper Program Coordinator, Military Fellows
    Program
    Stephen Hendrickson Assistant to the Director, Center for
    Universal Education
    Riad Houry Research Associate
    Eliana Johnson Research Associate
    Scarlet Kim Research Associate
    Joshua Kvernen Research Associate
    Sarah Miller Research Associate
    Ian Mitch Research Associate
    Sara Moller Research Associate
    Alexander Noyes Research Associate, Military Fellows
    Program
    Lisa Obrentz Research Associate
    Arpana Pandey Research Associate
    Arathi Rao Research Associate
    Negar S. Razavi Research Associate
    Divya Reddy Research Associate
    Katy Robinette Research Associate
    Michael Scavelli Research Associate
    Kammerle Schneider Research Associate
    Jesse Schreger Research Associate
    Daniel Simons Research Associate
    Swetha Sridharan Research Associate
    Gaurav Tiwari Research Associate
    Joseph Torigian Research Associate
    Justin van Fleet Associate Director, Center for
    Universal Education
    Chad Waryas Research Associate
    Erika Wool Research Associate
    Jeanne-Paloma Zelmati Research Associate

    MEETINGS

    Nancy D. Bodurtha Vice President
    Anastasia M. LaFollette Deputy Director
    Meaghan Mills Assistant Director
    Vera Ranola Assistant Director
    Valentina Barbacci Program Coordinator
    Ari Shaw Program Coordinator
    Stephanie Drozer Program Associate
    Monti Burnett Administrative Assistant/
    Database Coordinator

    WASHINGTON PROGRAM

    Vice President and Director (position open)
    Jennifer Golden Deputy Director of Washington Programs
    Jayson Frum Director of Operations and Project
    Management
    Linda Harsh Associate Director, Washington Offi ce
    Rachel Peterson Events Manager
    Emily McLeod Assistant Director, Washington Program
    Elizabeth Bryant Program Associate, Washington Program
    Cassie Friedl Program Assistant, Washington Program
    Rob Kittleson Program Coordinator, Washington
    Program
    Cristin Koebele Program Assistant, Diplomatic Program
    Andrew Rottas Program Assistant, Washington Program
    Chelsi Stevens Assistant Director, Congress and
    U.S. Foreign Policy Program

    NATIONAL PROGRAM AND OUTREACH

    Irina A. Faskianos Vice President
    Marjorie S. Brands Associate Director
    Naureen N. Kabir Program Coordinator
    Heather A. Rehm Program Coordinator
    Jessica R. Brandt Program Assistant
    Jessica L. Finz Program Assistant
    Mira Rapp-Hooper Assistant to the Vice President

    MEMBERSHIP AND CORPORATE AFFAIRS
    Vice President (position open)

    CORPORATE AFFAIRS

    Nancy Yao Maasbach Managing Director
    Aimee Carter Washington Director
    Jana Gasn Associate Director, Corporate Member
    Relations
    Tara Medeiros Assistant Director, Corporate Programs
    Jean Olivier-White Corporate Aff airs Administrator
    Kanika Srinivasan Program Associate,
    Corporate Development
    Isadora Tang Corporate Aff airs Associate

    MEMBERSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP AFFAIRS

    Sarah Dandurand Program Associate
    Elizabeth Mathai Program Coordinator
    Kathryn Metcalf Program Coordinator
    Bahiyah Robinson Assistant to the Vice President
    Elise Carlson Lewis Senior Adviser, Membership and
    Fellowship Affairs

    COMMUNICATIONS AND MARKETING

    Lisa Shields Vice President
    Anya Schmemann Director, Communications
    and Marketing
    Sara Weeks Associate Director, Communications
    and Marketing
    Leigh-Ann Krapf Manager, Communications
    and Marketing
    Nidhi Sinha Coordinator, Communications
    and Marketing
    Sarah Doolin Assistant to the Vice President,
    Communications and Marketing

    DEVELOPMENT

    Suzanne E. Helm Vice President
    Betsy R. Gude Deputy Director
    Sharon Herbst Assistant Director, Special Projects
    Jennifer Development Coordinator
    Colletti-Membreño
    Lena Moy Gifts Administrator
    Margaret O’Leary Development Associate

    ADMINISTRATION

    Janice L. Murray Senior Vice President, Treasurer,
    and Chief Operating Offi cer
    Jan Mowder Hughes Director, Human Resources, and
    Deputy Chief Operating Offi cer
    Fiona Korwin-Pawlowski Special Assistant to the Senior
    Vice President, Treasurer, and
    Chief Operating Officer

    FINANCE

    Peter Tyndale Director
    Jennifer Perez Accounting Manager
    Abram George Senior Accountant
    Sigi Silvani Senior Accountant
    Linda Copeland Accounting Associate
    Vera Langley Accounting Associate
    Latoya Stewart Accounting Associate
    Daniel Isanuk Accounts Payable Associate
    Evanda Butler Accounting Assistant

    HUMAN RESOURCES

    Jan Mowder Hughes Director, Human Resources, and
    Deputy Chief Operating Offi cer
    Kerryn Kletter Deputy Director, Washington
    Margot Morey Deputy Director, New York
    Nikki Capellupo Associate Director
    Katie Droy Human Resources Generalist
    Ethel Baril Human Resources Coordinator
    Libby Newman Human Resources Assistant
    Gideon Copple Interdepartmental Program Associate
    Katherine Michonski Interdepartmental Program Associate

    RECEPTION SERVICES

    Melanie Neergaard Manager of Reception Services

    LIBRARY AND RESEARCH SERVICES

    Lilita V. Gusts Director, Library and Research Services,
    and Secretary of the Corporation
    Marcia L. Sprules Deputy Director
    Michelle Baute Manager, Web Research Sources
    Connie M. Stagnaro Research Intranet and Archives
    Coordinator
    Erika L. Anderson Technical Services Coordinator
    Nicholaos Fokas Library Assistant
    Barbara K. Miller Consulting Archivist

    INFORMATION SERVICES

    Charles Day Chief Technology Officer
    Deepak Trivedi Deputy Director, Information Services
    Operations
    Richard Wawzycki Deputy Director, Information Technology
    Albert Andrade Manager of Desktop Services
    Virginia Rolston Parrott Database Manager and Technical Trainer
    Roberto Osoria Programmer Analyst
    Chris Sierra LAN Administrator
    Robert Allende Help Desk Technician
    Alice McLoughlin Assistant to the Chief Technology Offi cer

    SPECIAL EVENTS

    Valerie Post Director
    Dorrie Emrick Special Events Coordinator
    Laura Remmert Special Events Coordinator
    Mary Wang Special Events Assistant

    FACILITY OPERATIONS

    Neftali Frank Alvarez Director
    Phil Falcon Deputy Director
    Ian Noray Associate Director
    Edwin Santiago Supervisor
    Christopher Bostick Facility Operations Assistant
    Angel Cordova Facility Operations and
    Events Assistant
    Gilbert Falcon Evening Facility Operations Assistant
    Curtis Ramsey Evening Facility Operations Assistant
    Julissa Sarabia Facility Operations Assistant
    Audie Smith Facility Operations Assistant
    Jose Vargas Facility Operations Assistant
    Lawrence White Facility Operations Assistant

    EVENTS MANAGEMENT

    Mark Hudson Event Manager
    Justin Bilski Assistant Event Manager
    Jay Whalen Event Assistant
    Glen Goldman Audio Visual Engineer

    Executive Office

    Bios of Members:
    Richard N. Haass

    President, Council on Foreign Relations

    Former State Department director of policy planning and lead U.S. official on Afghanistan and Northern Ireland (2001 – 2003), and principal Middle East adviser to President George H.W. Bush (1989 – 1993). Author or editor of ten books on U.S. foreign policy, including The Opportunity: America’s Moment to Alter History’s Course.

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy; international security; globalization; Asia; Middle East

    Janice L. Murray

    Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and Chief Operating Officer

    Jeffrey A. Reinke

    Chief of Staff to the President

    Charles Landow

    Special Assistant to the President, Research

    Jessica Legnos

    Special Assistant to the President

    Eva Tatarczyk

    Executive Assistant to the President

    Lilita V. Gusts

    Secretary of the Corporation

    Alton Frye

    Presidential Senior Fellow Emeritus

    Frequent consultant to executive and legislative branches; expert on national security strategy and arms control.

    Expertise:

    National security strategy; arms control; legislative-executive branch relations.

    Leslie H. Gelb

    President Emeritus and Board Senior Fellow

    Pulitzer Prize-winner, former correspondent for the New York Times, and senior official in State and Defense Departments; expert on U.S. foreign policy and national security.

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy; national security; Russia; Persian Gulf.

    Fiona Korwin-Pawlowski

    Special Assistant to the Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and Chief Operating Officer

    Jeanne-Paloma Zelmati

    Research Associate to the President Emeritus and Board Senior Fellow


    Task Force Program

    Anya Schmemann

    Research Associate

    Communications

    Lisa Shields

    Vice President for Communications and Marketing

    Anya Schmemann

    Director

    Aerica Kennedy

    Associate Director, Washington

    Sara Weeks

    Associate Director

    Leigh-Ann Krapf

    Communications and Marketing Manager

    Nidhi Sinha

    Communications Coordinator

    Nadine Apelian

    Communications Coordinator

    Sarah Doolin

    Assistant to the Vice President

    Foreign Affairs: Editorial

    James F. Hoge Jr.

    Editor, Peter G. Peterson Chair, Foreign Affairs

    Editor of Foreign Affairs, the premier journal on international affairs and foreign policy, former editor of the Chicago Sun-Times, and former publisher of the New York Daily News; expert on U.S. foreign policy and media issues.

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy; media issues; trends in international economics.

    Gideon Rose

    Managing Editor, Foreign Affairs

    Former National Security Council official in the Clinton administration; expert on national security and terrorism.

    Expertise:

    International conflict; Middle East, Persian Gulf, and South Asia; terrorism; economic sanctions.

    Mary Davis

    Editorial Assistant

    Stéphanie Giry

    Senior Editor

    Catherine Harrington

    Part time Editorial Assistant

    Rosemary Hartman

    Assistant to the Editor

    Daniel Kurtz-Phelan

    Senior Editor

    Basharat Peer

    Assistant Editor

    Sasha Polakow-Suransky

    Associate Editor

    Ann Tappert

    Copy Editor

    Foreign Affairs: Publishing

    David Kellogg

    Senior Vice President and Publisher

    Lynda Hammes

    Associate Publisher

    Emilie Harkin

    Senior Marketing Manager

    Rachel Leven

    Publishing Associate

    Andrea Martin

    Assistant Manager, Marketing

    Sacha Nana

    Assistant Manager, Advertising Sales and Marketing

    Michael Pasuit

    Senior Account Manager

    Katie Sedgwick

    Special Assistant to the Senior Vice President and Publisher

    Edward Walsh

    Advertising Manager

    Council Publishing

    Patricia Lee Dorff

    Director, Council Publishing

    Lia C. Norton

    Associate Editor

    CFR.org

    Michael Moran

    Executive Editor, CFR.org

    Expertise:

    International news coverage, free expression and Internet policy abroad, U.S. media strategy and public diplomacy.

    Robert McMahon

    Deputy Editor

    Bernard Gwertzman

    Consulting Editor

    Eben Kaplan

    Assistant Director, Business Management

    Jayshree Bajoria

    Staff Writer

    Greg Bruno

    Staff Writer

    Stephanie Hanson

    News Editor

    Toni Johnson

    Staff Writer

    Jeremy Sherlick

    Multimedia Producer

    Lee Hudson Teslik

    Assistant Editor

    Web Management and Development

    Tom Davey

    Director

    Cree Frappier

    Deputy Director

    Joan McGrath

    Web Producer

    Daniel Nakhla

    Associate Web Producer

    Carl Strolle

    Web Technical Produce

    David Rockefeller Studies Program: Director of Studies Office

    Gary Samore

    Vice President, Director of Studies, and Maurice R. Greenberg Chair

    Former senior director for nonproliferation and export controls at the National Security Council and editor of three International Institute for Strategic Studies “dossiers” on weapons programs in Iraq, North Korea, and Iran.

    Expertise:

    Nuclear proliferation and arms control, especially in the Middle East and Asia

    Janine Hill

    Deputy Director of Studies Administration

    Former corporate lawyer and banker with expertise in international law and conflict prevention.

    Expertise:

    Corporate finance; corporate law; international law; and conflict prevention

    Sebastian Mallaby

    Deputy Director of Studies

    Columnist and former editorial board member at the Washington Post. Currently writing a book on hedge funds.

    Expertise:

    Globalization, trade, foreign assistance, hedge funds.

    Amy Gunning Baker

    Associate Director, Studies Administration

    Jean-Michel Oriol

    Associate Director, Budget Management

    Melanie Gervacio

    Assistant Director

    Katie Ivanick

    Assistant to the Vice President

    David Rockefeller Studies Program: Fellows

    Edward Alden

    Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow

    Former Washington bureau chief at the Financial Times. Current work examines U.S. visa and border policies as well as American competitiveness.

    Expertise:

    U.S. economic competitiveness, U.S. trade policy, visa and immigration policy

    Caroline Atkinson

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for International Economics

    Deputy Director for the Western Hemisphere at the International Monetary Fund. Former economics and finance reporter for the Washington Post. Currently directing a roundtable series on global economics.

    Expertise:

    Financial crises management; foreign exchange markets; international economics; IMF and the World Bank; Japan; Argentina.

    Peter Beinart

    Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy

    Author of The Good Fight: Why Liberals-And Only Liberals-Can Win the War on Terror and Make America Great Again. Editor-at-Large and former editor of the New Republic, columnist for the Washington Post, and contributor to Time magazine. Current work examines how the United States recovers from lost wars.

    Expertise:

    U.S. national security; domestic politics and foreign policy; foreign policy history; the media and foreign policy; nationalism; democracy and human rights; Congress; the presidency.

    Richard K. Betts

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for National Security Studies

    Author of Surprise Attack: Lessons for Defense Planning and professor at Columbia University. Commissioner to the National Commission on Terrorism and former staff member of the Senate Intelligence Committee. Current work examines the U.S. national security agenda.

    Expertise:

    Intelligence and U.S. defense policy; military strategy; political and military intelligence; international conflict; terrorism.

    Jagdish N. Bhagwati

    Senior Fellow for International Economics

    Author of In Defense of Globalization, special adviser to the UN and the World Trade Organization, and professor of economics at Columbia University. Currently writing a book on the challenges of illegal immigration.

    Expertise:

    International trade; economic policy reforms; immigration.

    Stephen Biddle

    Senior Fellow for Defense Policy

    Award-winning author of Military Power: Explaining Victory and Defeat in Modern Battle. Former Associate Professor and Elihu Root Chair of Military Studies at the U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute. Current work examines U.S. defense policy and strategy.

    Expertise:

    U.S. national security policy; military strategy and the conduct of war; technology in modern warfare; recent operations in the war on terror.

    Max Boot

    Senior Fellow for National Security Studies

    Award-winning author and former editorial editor for the Wall Street Journal. Recently completed War Made New: Technology, Warfare, and the Course of History, 1500 to Today, which examines how technological revolutions have transformed warfare and the global balance of power.

    Expertise:

    Defense policy; defense budget; proliferation; nation-building and peacekeeping; democracy and human rights; U.S. grand strategy; national security; military technology; military history; U.S. foreign policy; terrorism and guerilla warfare; terrorism; media.

    David Braunschvig

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business and Foreign Policy

    International investment banker, advises on cross-border mergers and acquisitions. Conducts research on business and transatlantic relations.

    Expertise:

    International business; finance and economics; media and communications; technology and foreign policy.

    Jerome A. Cohen

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Asia Studies

    Internationally renowned expert on the Chinese legal system and professor at NYU School of Law. Current work examines the role of law in Asian countries.

    Expertise:

    Legal and business transactions in Asia; international relations of East Asia; international law.

    Isobel Coleman

    Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy

    Author of the forthcoming book Paradise Beneath Her Feet: Women and Reform in the Middle East (Random House, 2008). Recently coauthored Strategic Foreign Assistance: Civil Society in International Security. Director of the Council’s Women and Foreign Policy program.

    Expertise:

    Economic development; gender issues in the Middle East and Southwest Asia; foreign aid; microfinance; education reform in the Middle East.

    Steven A. Cook

    Douglas Dillon Fellow

    Author of Ruling But Not Governing: The Military and Political Development in Egypt, Algeria, and Turkey. Directed the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force on U.S. policy toward reform in the Arab world. Currently writing a book on the future of U.S.-Egypt relations.

    Expertise:

    Political reform in the Arab world; Turkish politics; civil-military relations in the Middle East; U.S.-Middle East policy; Arab-Israeli conflict.

    James P. Dougherty

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business and Foreign Policy

    A corporate executive with extensive experience in high technology and international political economy. Currently directing a roundtable series on technology, innovation, and American primacy.

    Expertise:

    American economic competitiveness; technological innovation and foreign policy.

    Elizabeth C. Economy

    C.V. Starr Senior Fellow and Director for Asia Studies

    Award-winning author of The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenges to China’s Future. Currently writing a book on how the rise of China is reshaping the landscape of East Asia.

    Expertise:

    Chinese domestic and foreign policy; U.S.-China relations; global environmental issues.

    Noah Feldman

    Adjunct Senior Fellow

    Professor of law at Harvard University. Author of After Jihad, What We Owe Iraq, and Divided by God. Former senior constitutional adviser to the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq. Current work examines the compatibility of democracy and Islam.

    Expertise:

    Relationship between law and religion in both the Western and Middle Eastern context; Middle East politics; North Africa; Islamic constitutional thought.

    Charles D. Ferguson

    Fellow for Science and Technology

    Recipient of the Robert S. Landauer Memorial Lecturer Award for outstanding scientific achievement toward improving the security of radioactive sources. Author of the Council Special Reports Nuclear Energy: Balancing Benefits and Risks, U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation (coauthor), and Preventing Catastrophic Nuclear Terrorism.

    Expertise:

    Nuclear nonproliferation; nuclear and radiological terrorism; prevention and response; U.S. and international nuclear policies.

    Stephen E. Flynn

    Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies

    Author of The Edge of Disaster: Rebuilding a Resilient Nation (2007) and America the Vulnerable (2004). Former adviser on homeland security for the U.S. Commission on National Security (Hart-Rudman Commission) and retired Coast Guard officer. Researches and writes on issues related to homeland security.

    Expertise:

    Catastrophic terrorism; emergency preparedness; critical infrastructure protection;trade and transportation security; and border control modernization.

    Laurie Garrett

    Senior Fellow for Global Health

    Pulitzer Prize-winner and author of the Council report HIV and National Security: Where are the Links? Presently writing a book examining the global impact of infectious disease.

    Expertise:

    Global health systems; chronic and infectious diseases; bioterrorism; public health and its effects on foreign policy and national security.

    Michael J. Gerson

    Roger Hertog Senior Fellow

    Former presidential policy adviser and speechwriter. Author of Heroic Conservatism, released in October 2007.

    Expertise:

    Democracy promotion; human rights issues; health and disease; religion and politics.

    James M. Goldgeier

    Whitney Shepardson Senior Fellow for Transatlantic Relations

    Award-winning author, former State Department official, and staff member of the National Security Council. Professor of political science and international politics at George Washington University.

    Expertise:

    Transatlantic relations; U.S.-Russian relations; NATO; the European Union.

    Peter B. Kenen

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for International Economics

    Professor emeritus at Princeton University and consultant to the U.S. Treasury, Federal Reserve Board, IMF, and UN. Author of Regional Monetary Integration, released in November 2007.

    Expertise:

    Currency and financial crises; the International Monetary Fund; European Monetary Union; monetary cooperation among developing countries.

    Roger M. Kubarych

    Henry Kaufman Adjunct Senior Fellow for International Economics and Finance

    Former chief economist at the New York Stock Exchange and senior economic adviser at an international banking firm. Currently writing a book examining the American financial system and corporate scandals.

    Expertise:

    International finance; economics.

    Charles A. Kupchan

    Senior Fellow for Europe Studies

    Professor of international affairs at Georgetown University and former director for European affairs at the National Security Council. Currently writing a book on the international order and how to preserve transatlantic peace.

    Expertise:

    NATO; European Union; U.S. national security; nationalism; the Balkans.

    Michael A. Levi

    Fellow for Science and Technology

    Author of On Nuclear Terrorism, released in November 2007. Currently directing a Council-sponsored Independent Task Force on climate change.

    Expertise:

    Weapons of mass destruction; homeland security; arms control and proliferation; technology and foreign policy; science and technology in the Islamic world.

    Princeton N. Lyman

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies

    Former U.S. ambassador to South Africa and Nigeria and former assistant secretary of state for international organization affairs. Directed the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force that produced the report More Than Humanitarianism: A Strategic U.S. Approach Toward Africa.

    Expertise:

    Sub-Saharan Africa; economic development; democratization and elections; civil reconstruction; conflict prevention; global governance; United Nations; HIV/AIDS.

    Sebastian Mallaby

    Director of the Maurice R. Greenberg Center for Geoeconomic Studies and Paul A. Volcker Senior Fellow for International Economics

    Columnist and former editorial board member at the Washington Post. Currently writing a book on hedge funds.

    Expertise:

    Globalization, trade, foreign assistance, hedge funds.

    Jeffrey Mankoff

    Adjunct Fellow for Russia Studies

    Postdoctoral fellow at International Security Studies, Yale University. Writing a book on Russian foreign policy.

    Expertise:

    Russian foreign policy; U.S.-Russian relations; European diplomatic and military history; nationalism and ethnic conflict.

    Daniel Markey

    Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia

    Former State Department policy planning staff member. Current work focuses on U.S. policy in South Asia, especially Pakistan and India.

    Expertise:

    South Asia; U.S. foreign policy; international security; international relations theory.

    Walter Russell Mead

    Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy; international political economy; domestic politics; religion and foreign policy.

    William L. Nash

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director of the Military Fellows Program

    Retired Army general with experience in Iraq, Bosnia, and Kosovo. Directed the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force that produced the report In the Wake of War: Improving U.S. Post-Conflict Capabilities.

    Expertise:

    Conflict prevention; national security; civil-military relations and coordination; post-conflict reconstruction.

    Vali R. Nasr

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies

    Author of The Shia Revival, Democracy in Iran, and The Islamic Leviathan. Professor of international politics at Tufts University. Current work examines Iraq, Iran, and democracy in the Islamic world.

    Expertise:

    Iran; Iraq; Pakistan; political Islam; comparative politics of South Asia and the Middle East; democratization in Muslim world.

    Shannon O’Neil

    Fellow for Latin America Studies

    Adjunct assistant professor of political science at Columbia University. Currently directing a Council-sponsored Independent Task Force on U.S. policy toward Latin America.

    Expertise:

    Latin America; policy reform; immigration

    Elliot Schrage

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business and Foreign Policy

    A lawyer and business executive with extensive experience in global communications, multinational business strategy, and international human rights law. Adjunct professor of business and human rights at Columbia University Business School and Law School.

    Expertise:

    Corporate social responsibility strategies for global companies; role of the private sector in addressing social issues and promoting economic and political reform.

    Adam Segal

    Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow for China Studies

    Director of the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force on Chinese military power and author of Digital Dragon: High Technology Enterprises in China. Currently writing a book on Asia’s innovative capabilities and U.S. technology.

    Expertise:

    Technology and development in China and India; East Asian security; Chinese domestic and foreign policy.

    Stephen Sestanovich

    George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies

    Former ambassador-at-large and special adviser to the secretary of state for policy toward the states of the former Soviet Union. Directed the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force that produced the report Russia’s Wrong Direction: What the United States Can and Should Do.

    Expertise:

    Russia and the former Soviet Union; Caucasus and Central Asia; U.S. foreign policy.

    Brad W. Setser

    Fellow for Geoeconomics

    Applied international economist with experience at the U.S. Treasury and the International Monetary Fund. Currently examining central bank reserve growth, sovereign wealth funds, and the political implications of emerging market financing of the United States.

    Expertise:

    Central bank reserves and sovereign wealth funds, IMF policy, emerging market economies.

    Timothy Samuel Shah

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Religion and Foreign Policy

    Award-winning political scientist and expert on religion and world politics. Current research focuses on religion and foreign policy.

    Expertise:

    Religion and foreign policy; religion and the theory and practice of democracy; global democratization; Third World religion and politics; South Asia; religion and domestic politics.

    Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Alliance Relations

    Senior researcher at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation and former deputy assistant secretary of defense. Currently examining the role that alliances should play in U.S. national security.

    Expertise:

    National security; proliferation prevention; defense leadership and management; alliance relations; Europe; NATO and the European Union; the former Soviet Union; Central Asia; China.

    Amity Shlaes

    Senior Fellow for Economic History

    Author of The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression; syndicated columnist for Bloomberg. Current work examines the relationship between entrepreneurship and foreign policy.

    Expertise:

    Germany; Russia; economics; U.S. tax policy; relative competitiveness.

    Steven Simon

    Hasib J. Sabbagh Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies

    Award-winning coauthor of The Age of Sacred Terror and The Next Attack. Former director for global issues and senior director for transnational threats at the National Security Council. Current work examines the consequences of the American intervention in Iraq, Muslim/non-Muslim relations, and the role of religion in U.S. foreign policy.

    Expertise:

    U.S. security policy in the Middle East and South Asia; Middle East politics; Palestinian-Israeli relations; transatlantic approaches to Islamic activism; terrorism and counterterrorism; intelligence reform.

    Matthew J. Slaughter

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Business and Globalization

    Professor of business administration at Dartmouth University and former member of the Council of Economic Advisers. Currently coauthoring a report that documents growing international trends to restrict foreign direct investment.

    Expertise:

    The economics and politics of globalization, multinational firms and capital markets, immigration, technological innovation, and the causes and consequences of the globalization backlash

    Sheila A. Smith

    Senior Fellow for Japan Studies

    Expert on Japan and Asian international relations. Currently directing the New Regional Security Architecture for Asia program.

    Expertise:

    Japanese domestic politics and foreign policy; Northeast Asia regional security; international relations of the Asia Pacific.

    Gene B. Sperling

    Senior Fellow for Economic Policy and Director of the Center for Universal Education

    Former national economic adviser and coauthor of the Council report What Works in Girls’ Education. Current work examines ways to extend education to displaced children and those living in emergency situations.

    Expertise:

    Economic policy; international education assistance.

    Paul Stares

    General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director of the Center for Preventive Action

    Expert on emerging regional and international security challenges. Led the Iraq Study Group’s Strategic Environment Expert Working Group. Currently focusing on conflict prevention strategies for regions of concern.

    Expertise:

    U.S. national security policy, conflict prevention strategies, U.S. counterterrorism policy, Northeast Asia security

    Benn Steil

    Senior Fellow and Director of International Economics

    Award-winning writer, editor of International Finance, and cofounder of a transatlantic financial markets consultancy firm. Currently writing a book analyzing the historical relationship between money and national sovereignty and its importance in understanding contemporary globalization.

    Expertise:

    Financial markets; securities trading; international finance.

    Julia E. Sweig

    Nelson and David Rockefeller Senior Fellow for Latin America Studies and Director for Latin America Studies

    Award-winning author of Inside the Cuban Revolution and director of numerous Council-sponsored Task Forces on Latin America. Her book Friendly Fire: Losing Friends and Making Enemies in the Anti-American Century was released in April 2006.

    Expertise:

    Latin America; U.S.-Latin America policy; Anti-Americanism.

    Ray Takeyh

    Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies

    Author of The Guardians of the Revolution: Iran and the World (forthcoming). Recently completed Hidden Iran: Paradox and Power in the Islamic Republic, which examines the complexities of Iranian politics and its relationship with its regional counterparts and with the United States.

    Expertise:

    Iran; Persian Gulf and U.S. foreign policy.

    David G. Victor

    Adjunct Senior Fellow for Science and Technology

    Director of recent Council-sponsored Independent Task Force that produced the report National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency. Author of the Council Policy Initiative Climate Change: Debating America’s Policy Options. Currently writing a report on the strategic petroleum reserve.

    Expertise:

    Technology and foreign policy; energy policy; international environmental politics.

    David Rockefeller Studies Program: Visiting Fellows

    Mohamad Bazzi

    Edward R. Murrow Press Fellow

    Former Middle East bureau chief at Newsday. Currently working on a project about Hezbollah and the Shiite community in Lebanon.

    Expertise:

    Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Islamic militancy, Shiite politics.

    Scott G. Borgerson

    International Affairs Fellow

    Former director of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy’s Institute for Leadership. Adjunct associate research scholar at Columbia University working on issues related to marine navigation in a melting Arctic, homeland security, and the future of shipping.

    Expertise:

    The Arctic; homeland security; U.S. foreign policy; shipping.

    Colonel Robert S. Ferrell, USA

    Military Fellow, U.S. Army

    Signal Corps Officer and former European Strategic Communications Brigade Commander. Coordinated the Army’s legislative agenda with that of the House and Senate Armed Services Committees of the U.S. Congress. Currently researching and writing on warfare strategy, congressional affairs, and peacekeeping operations.

    Expertise:

    Military strategy and the conduct of land war; Army and OSD staff planning and execution; commercial through strategic communications applications; Army congressional legislative issues.

    Amy B. Frumin

    International Affairs Fellow

    Field-based expertise in stability operations. Currently studying USAID’s efficacy in carrying out its role in stability operations, using her experience on an Afghan Provincial Reconstruction Team as a case study.

    Expertise:

    Stability operations, post-conflict reconstruction, USAID, civil-military coordination.

    Michelle D. Gavin

    International Affairs Fellow

    Former senior U.S. Senate staffer with expertise in sub-Saharan Africa. Work focuses on the foreign policy implications of large youth populations in the developing world. Author of the Council Special Report on Zimbabwe.

    Expertise:

    Congress and U.S. foreign policy, sub-Saharan Africa, human rights, corruption, HIV/AIDS

    Colonel Paul E. Greenwood, USMC

    Military Fellow, U.S. Marine Corps

    Former commanding officer at Camp Kisner, Okinawa, Japan, and former branch chief for Programs and Resources in the Antiterrorism/Force Protection Division of the J-34 Deputy Directorate for Antiterrorism and Homeland Defense. Currently examining the use of military force and its relevance to U.S. foreign policy.

    Expertise:

    U.S. national security strategy, leadership, logistics, anti-terrorism and force protection.

    Captain Jeffrey A. Harley, USN

    Military Fellow, U.S. Navy

    Surface Warfare Officer and former Sea Combat Commander. Currently examining maritime strategy and Joint Force issues.

    Expertise:

    U.S. national security policy; military strategy and the conduct of war; technology in modern warfare; Asia-Pacific studies, and recent operations in the war on terrorism.

    Joseph J. Helman

    National Intelligence Fellow

    Member of the Senior National Intelligence Service with over twenty years experience in intelligence, defense, and foreign policy issues.

    Expertise:

    Middle East, counterterrorism, intelligence.

    J. Anthony Holmes

    Cyrus Vance Fellow in Diplomatic Studies on Africa

    Veteran American diplomat with twenty-eight years in the U.S. Foreign Service at the State Department and seven embassies in Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy and its management, Africa, U.S. foreign assistance policy, multifaceted economic development.

    Colonel Jeffrey B. Kendall, USAF

    Military Fellow, U.S. Air Force

    F-15 fighter pilot and former wing commander for internationally manned and managed flying training program. Currently examining airpower strategy, training, and employment expertise and contemporary Air Force and defense related issues.

    Expertise:

    Military strategy and the conduct of war, allied and coalition air operations, international training, multinational and joint staff planning and execution, application of tactical air assets and unmanned aerial vehicles.

    Jessica LeCroy

    Visiting Senior Fellow for Geoeconomics

    A career diplomat who has held postings in Canada, Iraq, Bosnia, Georgia, the Netherlands, and Nicaragua. Current work explores the strengthening of the domestic entrepreneurial class of America’s allies, and the U.S.-Canada economic and commercial relationship.

    Expertise:

    National security; geoeconomic policy; business and foreign policy; Americas; Europe; the Caucasus.

    David Rockefeller Studies Program: Research Associates

    Anda Adams

    Associate Director, Center for Universal Education

    Susan Basu

    Research Associate

    Jaclyn Berfond

    Research Associate

    Michael Bustamante

    Research Associate

    Sebastian Chaskel

    Research Associate

    Matthew Devlin

    Research Associate

    Jamie Ekern

    Assistant Director, The Center for Preventive Action

    John Elliot

    Research Associate

    William M. Evans

    Research Associate

    Seth Flaxman

    Research Associate

    Jeffrey Friedman

    Research Associate

    Robert Harper

    Program Coordinator, Military Fellows Program

    Stephen Hendrickson

    Assistant to the Director, Center for Universal Education

    Riad Houry

    Research Associate

    Eliana Johnson

    Research Associate

    Scarlet Kim

    Research Associate

    Joshua Kvernen

    Research Associate

    Jaeah Lee

    Research Associate

    Ian Mitch

    Research Associate

    Sara Moller

    Research Associate

    Alexander Noyes

    Research Associate, Military Fellows Program

    Lisa Obrentz

    Research Associate

    Arpana Pandey

    Research Associate

    Arathi S. Rao

    Research Associate

    Negar S. Razavi

    Research Associate

    Katy Robinette

    Research Associate

    Andy Rottas

    Research Associate

    Michael Scavelli

    Research Associate

    Kammerle Schneider

    Research Associate

    Jesse Schreger

    Research Associate

    Daniel Simons

    Research Associate

    Swetha Sridharan

    Research Associate

    Gaurav Tiwari

    Research Associate

    Joseph Torigian

    Research Associate

    Chad Waryas

    Research Associate

    Erika H. Wool

    Research Associate

    New York Meetings Program

    Nancy D. Bodurtha

    Vice President

    Stacey La Follette

    Deputy Director

    Meaghan Mills

    Assistant Director

    Vera Ranola

    Assistant Director

    Valentina Barbacci

    Program Coordinator

    Stephanie E. Drozer

    Program Associate

    Amanda Lanzarone

    Assistant to the Vice President

    Jackie McKeon

    Program Assistant

    Ari Shaw

    Program Coordinator

    Washington Program

    Kay King

    Vice President, Washington Program

    Former deputy assistant secretary of state for legislative affairs and vice president for external relations at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

    Expertise:

    U.S. foreign policy; Congress and foreign policy; media and public opinion; international education.

    Linda Harsh

    Deputy Director, Operations

    Jayson Frum

    Director of Operations and Project Management

    Betsy Bryant

    Program Associate

    Jessica Fleuti

    Program Coordinator

    Cassie Friedl

    Program Assistant

    Rob Kittleson

    Program Coordinator

    Scott Macmurdo

    Program Assistant

    Emily McLeod

    Assistant Director

    Rachel Peterson

    Events Manager

    Vanessa Robertson

    Special Assistant to the Vice President

    Chelsi A. Stevens

    Assistant Director, Congress and U.S. Foreign Policy

    National Program and Outreach

    Irina A. Faskianos

    Vice President for National Program and Outreach

    Marjorie Brands

    Associate Director

    Jessica Brandt

    Program Assistant

    Jessica Finz

    Program Assistant

    Naureen Kabir

    Program Coordinator

    Katherine Michonski

    Program Assistant

    Mira Rapp-Hooper

    Assistant to the Vice President

    Heather Rehm

    Program Coordinator

    Corporate Affairs

    Nancy Yao Maasbach

    Managing Director

    Aimee Carter

    Washington Director

    Jana Gasn Beauchamp

    Associate Director, Corporate Member Relations

    Helen Belmont

    Assistant Director

    Jean Olivier-White

    Corporate Affairs Administrator

    Kanika Srinivasan

    Program Associate, Corporate Development

    Isadora Tang

    Program Coordinator

    Membership and Fellowship Affairs

    Elise Carlson Lewis

    Senior Adviser

    L. Camille Massey

    Vice President

    Monti Burnett

    Membership Administrator

    Sarah Dandurand

    Program Associate

    Elizabeth Mathai

    Program Coordinator

    Kathryn Metcalf

    Program Coordinator

    Development

    Suzanne E. Helm

    Vice President

    Betsy Gude

    Deputy Director

    Sharon R. Herbst

    Deputy Director, Special Projects

    Jennifer Colletti

    Assistant Director, Special Projects

    Sofia Eastman

    Development Associate

    Lena Moy

    Gifts Administrator

    Margaret O’Leary

    Development Associate

    Administration

    Janice L. Murray

    Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and Chief Operating Officer

    Jan Mowder Hughes

    Director of Human Resources and Deputy Chief Operating Officer

    Finance

    Peter Tyndale

    Director

    Jennifer Perez

    Accounting Manager

    Evanda Butler

    Accounting Assistant

    Linda Copeland

    Accounting Associate

    Abram George

    Senior Accountant

    Daniel Isanuk

    Accounts Payable Associate

    Vera Langley

    Accounting Associate

    Sigi Silvani

    Senior Accountant

    Latoya Stewart

    Accounting Associate

    Human Resources

    Jan Mowder Hughes

    Director of Human Resources and Deputy Chief Operating Officer

    Margot Morey

    Deputy Director, New York

    Clay Johnson

    Associate Director

    Jenny Atanasoska

    Interdepartmental Program Associate

    Ethel Baril

    Human Resources Coordinator

    Gideon Copple

    Interdepartmental Program Associate

    Katie Droy

    Human Resources Generalist

    Libby Newman

    Human Resources Assistant

    Liz Orgera

    Human Resources Coordinator

    Reception Services

    Melanie Neergaard

    Reception Services Coordinator

    Patrice Sullivan

    Reception Services Coordinator

    Library and Research Services

    Lilita V. Gusts

    Director, Library and Research Services

    Marcia L. Sprules

    Deputy Director

    Erika L. Anderson

    Technical Services Coordinator

    Michelle Baute

    Manager, Web Research Sources

    Nicholaos Fokas

    Library Assistant

    Barbara K. Miller

    Consulting Archivist

    Connie M. Stagnaro

    Research Intranet and Archives Coordinator

    Information Services

    Charles Day

    Chief Technology Officer

    Deepak Trivedi

    Deputy Director, Information Services Operations

    Richard Wawzycki

    Deputy Director, Information Technology

    Robert Allende

    Help Desk Technician

    Albert Andrade

    Manager of Desktop Services

    Alice McLoughlin

    Assistant to the Chief Technology Officer

    Roberto Osoria

    Programmer Analyst

    Virginia Rolston Parrott

    Database Manager and Technical Trainer

    Chris Sierra

    LAN administrator

    Special Events

    Valerie Post

    Director

    Laura Remmert

    Assistant Director

    Mary Wang

    Special Events Assistant

    Facility Operations

    Ian Noray

    Associate Director

    Anthony Ramirez

    Assistant Manager

    Christopher Bostick

    Facility Operations Assistant

    Angel Cordova

    Facility Operations and Events Assistant

    Gilbert Falcon

    Evening Facility Operations Assistant

    Curtis Ramsey

    Evening Facilities Operations Assistant

    Edwin Santiago

    Supervisor of Facility Operations

    Julissa Sarabia

    Facility Operations Assistant

    Audie Smith

    Facility Operations Assistant

    Jose Vargas

    Facility Operations Assistant

    Lawrence White

    Facility Operations Assistant

    Events Management

    Mark Hudson

    Events Manager

    Justin Bilski

    Assistant Events Manager

    Glen Goldman

    Audio Visual Technician

    Jay Whalen

    Events Assistant

    Corporate Members
    PRESIDENT’S CIRCLE
    Alcoa, Inc.
    American Express Company
    American International
    Group, Inc.
    Amgen, Inc.
    Archetype Discoveries
    Worldwide
    Balyasny Asset
    Management LP
    Bennett Jones LLP
    BP p.l.c.
    Bridgewater Associates, Inc.
    CA
    Chevron Corporation
    Citi
    Cognizant Technology
    Solutions Corporation
    ConocoPhillips Company
    Drake Management LLC
    Exxon Mobil Corporation
    Federal Express Corporation
    Fortress Investment
    Group LLC
    GlaxoSmithKline
    The Goldman Sachs
    Group, Inc.
    Guardsmark LLC
    Hess Corporation
    H.J. Heinz Company
    Investcorp International, Inc.
    Kingdon Capital
    Kohlberg Kravis Roberts
    & Co.
    KPMG LLP
    Landor Associates
    Lazard
    Lehman Brothers
    Lockheed Martin
    Corporation
    The McGraw-Hill
    Companies
    McKinsey & Company, Inc.
    Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
    Moody’s Investors Service
    Morgan Stanley
    Nike, Inc.
    Pfizer, Inc.
    Reliance Industries Limited
    The Rohatyn Group
    Toyota Motor North
    America, Inc.
    U.S. Chamber of Commerce
    Veritas Capital LLC
    PREMIU M
    ABC News
    ACE Limited
    AEA Investors Inc.
    Airbus North America
    Alcatel-Lucent
    Alleghany Corporation
    Apax Partners, Inc.
    Apollo Management LP
    ARAMARK Corporation
    Aramco Services Company
    Archer Daniels Midland
    Company
    Arnhold and S. Bleichroeder
    Holdings, Inc.
    Avaya, Inc.
    Baker, Nye Advisers, Inc.
    Banco Mercantil
    Bank of America
    The Bank of New York
    Mellon
    Barclays Capital
    BASF Corporation
    The Blackstone Group L.P.
    Bloomberg
    BNP Paribas
    The Boeing Company
    Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.
    Boston Properties, Inc.
    Bristol-Myers Squibb
    Company
    Bunge Limited
    CALYON Corporate and
    Investment Bank
    Canadian Imperial Bank
    of Commerce
    Cantillon Capital
    Management LLC
    Caxton Associates
    CEMEX
    CH2M HILL Companies,
    Ltd.
    Cisneros Group
    of Companies
    CIT Group, Inc.
    The CNA Corporation
    The Coca-Cola Company
    Continental Properties
    Corsair Capital
    Credit Suisse
    DaimlerChrysler
    Corporation
    De Beers
    Deere & Company
    Deloitte.
    Deutsche Bank AG
    Devon Energy Corporation
    DTAP/Duquesne Capital
    Duke Energy Corporation
    DVS Group
    DynCorp International
    Electronic Data Systems
    Corporation
    Eli Lilly and Company
    Eni S.p.A.
    Equinox Partners LP
    Estee Lauder Companies,
    Inc.
    Ford Motor Company
    Freddie Mac
    Freeport-McMoRan Copper
    and Gold, Inc.
    Future Pipe Industries, Inc.
    Galt Industries, Inc.
    General Atlantic LLC
    General Electric Company
    Granite Associates LP
    Greenberg Traurig, LLP
    Grey Global Group, Inc.
    Google, Inc.
    Hasbro, Inc.
    Hitachi, Ltd.
    Houlihan Lokey Howard
    & Zukin
    IBM Corporation
    Indus Capital Partners LLC
    InsCap Management LLC
    Interpipe, Inc.
    Jacobs Asset Management
    LLC
    J.E. Robert Companies
    Jones Day
    JPMorgan Chase & Co.
    KBR
    Kleiner Perkins Caufield
    & Byers
    Kometal GMBH Austria
    Kuwait Petroleum
    Corporation
    Lukoil Americas
    Mannheim LLC
    Marathon Oil Corporation
    Marsh & McLennan
    Companies, Inc.
    Marubeni America
    Corporation
    MasterCard Advisors
    Masthead Management
    Partners
    Mayer, Brown, Rowe &
    Maw LLP
    Senior

    MBIA Insurance
    Corporation
    MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Merck & Co., Inc.
    Milbank, Tweed, Hadley
    & McCloy LLP
    Mitsubishi International
    Corporation
    Moore Capital Management
    LLC
    Motorola, Inc.
    The Nasdaq Stock Market,
    Inc.
    Natixis North America, Inc.
    Newlight Associates
    The News Corporation
    New York Life International,
    Inc.
    NYSE Euronext
    Occidental Petroleum
    Corporation
    The Olayan Group
    Paul, Hastings, Janofsky
    & Walker
    Paul, Weiss, Rifkind,
    Wharton & Garrison LLP
    PepsiCo, Inc.
    Phillips–Van Heusen
    Corporation
    PricewaterhouseCoopers
    LLP
    Prudential Financial, Inc.
    Rho Capital Partners
    Rothschild North America,
    Inc.
    Sandalwood Securities, Inc.
    Shell Oil Company
    Sidley Austin LLP
    Sony Corporation of America
    Soros Fund Management
    Standard Chartered Bank
    Standard & Poor’s
    Starwood Capital Group
    Sullivan & Cromwell LLP
    The Tata Group
    Time Warner, Inc.
    Tishman Speyer Properties,
    Inc.
    TOTAL S.A.
    Tribeca Enterprises
    UBS
    United Technologies
    Corporation
    U.S. Trust Corporation
    Verizon Communications,
    Inc.
    Veronis Suhler Stevenson
    Vinson & Elkins LLP
    Visa International
    Volkswagen of America,
    Inc.
    Vornado Realty Trust
    Wyeth
    Wyoming Investment
    Corporation
    Wyper Capital
    Xerox Corporation
    Young & Rubicam, Inc.
    Ziff Brothers Investments
    LLC
    BASIC
    AARP
    Access Industries, Inc.
    American Red Cross
    Apple Core Hotels, Inc.
    Areva , Inc.
    Arnold & Porter LLP
    Baker Capital Corp.
    Baker & Hostetler LLP
    The Baldwin-Gottschalk
    Group
    Banca di Roma
    Banca d’Italia
    Barbour Griffith and
    Rogers
    Bramwell Capital
    Management, Inc.
    Brown Brothers Harriman
    & Co.
    Claremont Capital
    Corporation
    Cleary Gottlieb Steen
    & Hamilton LLP
    The Consulate General
    of Japan
    Control Risks Group
    C & O Resources, Inc.
    Covington & Burling
    Craig Drill Capital
    Corporation
    Debevoise & Plimpton LLP
    Ehrenkranz & Ehrenkranz
    LLP
    Eisner LLP
    Energy Intelligence Group,
    Inc.
    First Atlantic Capital, Ltd.
    French-American Chamber
    of Commerce
    Hemispheric Partners
    IC & A, Inc.
    Idemitsu Apollo
    Corporation
    Intellispace, Inc.
    Interaudi Bank
    Intesa Sanpaolo
    Invus Group LLC
    Japan Bank for International
    Cooperation
    JETRO New York
    Joukowsky Family
    Foundation
    KS Management
    Corporation
    Linklaters
    Mark Partners
    Marvin & Palmer
    Associates, Inc.
    Medley Global Advisors
    Mine Safety Appliances
    Company
    Morgan, Lewis & Bockius
    LLP
    Munich Re America
    Corporation
    Mutual of America
    Nationwide Electric
    Supply, Inc.
    Oxford Analytica, Inc.
    Peter Kimmelman Asset
    Management LLC
    Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw
    Pittman LLP
    Rolls-Royce North
    America, Inc.
    Saber Partners LLC
    Simpson Thacher & Bartlett
    LLP
    Tiedemann Investment
    Group
    Turkish Industrialists’ and
    Businessmen’s Association
    Warburg Pincus LLC
    Weber Shandwick
    Worldwide
    Wilpon Investors LLC
    Zephyr Management

    Hi s t or i c a l Ros t e r Of
    D i r e c tor s And Of f i c e r s
    Directors:
    Isaiah Bowman 1921–50
    Archibald Cary Coolidge 1921–28
    Paul D. Cravath 1921–40
    John W. Davis 1921–55
    Norman H. Davis 1921–44
    Stephen P. Duggan 1921–50
    John H. Finley 1921–29
    Edwin F. Gay 1921–45
    David F. Houston 1921–27
    Otto H. Kahn 1921–34
    Frank L. Polk 1921–43
    Whitney H. Shepardson 1921–66
    William R. Shepherd 1921–27
    Paul M. Warburg 1921–32
    George W. Wickersham 1921–36
    Allen W. Dulles 1927–69
    Russell C. Leffingwell 1927–60
    George O. May 1927–53
    Wesley C. Mitchell 1927–34
    Owen D. Young 1927–40
    Hamilton Fish Armstrong 1928–72
    Charles P. Howland 1929–31
    Walter Lippmann 1932–37
    Clarence M. Woolley 1932–35
    Frank Altschul 1934–72
    Philip C. Jessup 1934–42
    Harold W. Dodds 1935–43
    Leon Fraser 1936–45
    John H. Williams 1937–64
    Lewis W. Douglas 1940–64
    Edward Warner 1940–49
    Clarence E. Hunter 1942–53
    Myron C. Taylor 1943–59
    Henry M. Wriston 1943–67
    Thomas K. Finletter 1944–67
    William A.M. Burden 1945–74
    Walter H. Mallory 1945–68
    Philip D. Reed 1945–69
    Winfield W. Riefler 1945–50
    David Rockefeller 1949–85
    W. Averell Harriman 1950–55
    Joseph E. Johnson 1950–74
    Grayson Kirk 1950–73
    Devereux C. Josephs 1951–58
    Elliott V. Bell 1953–66
    John J. McCloy 1953–72
    Arthur H. Dean 1955–72
    Charles M. Spofford 1955–72
    Adlai E. Stevenson 1958–62
    William C. Foster 1959–72
    Caryl P. Haskins 1961–75
    James A. Perkins 1963–79
    William P. Bundy 1964–74
    Gabriel Hauge 1964–81
    Carroll L. Wilson 1964–79
    Douglas Dillon 1965–78
    Henry R. Labouisse 1965–74
    Robert V. Roosa 1966–81
    Lucian W. Pye 1966–82
    Alfred C. Neal 1967–76
    Bill Moyers 1967–74
    Cyrus R. Vance 1968–76,
    1981–87
    Hedley Donovan 1969–79
    Najeeb E. Halaby 1970–72
    Bayless Manning 1971–77
    W. Michael Blumenthal 1972–77,
    1979–84
    Zbigniew Brzezinski 1972–77
    Elizabeth Drew 1972–77
    George S. Franklin 1972–83
    Marshall D. Shulman 1972–77
    Martha Redfield Wallace 1972–82
    Paul C. Warnke 1972–77
    Peter G. Peterson 1973–83,
    1984–2007
    Robert O. Anderson 1974–80
    Edward K. Hamilton 1974–83
    Harry C. McPherson Jr. 1974–77
    Elliot L. Richardson 1974–75
    Franklin Hall Williams 1975–83
    Nicholas deB. Katzenbach 1975–86
    Paul A. Volcker 1975–79,
    1988–99
    Theodore M. Hesburgh 1976–85
    Lane Kirkland 1976–86
    George H.W. Bush 1977–79
    Lloyd N. Cutler 1977–79
    Philip L. Geyelin 1977–87
    Henry A. Kissinger 1977–81
    Winston Lord 1977–85
    Stephen Stamas 1977–89
    Marina v.N. Whitman 1977–87
    C. Peter McColough 1978–87
    Richard L. Gelb 1979–88
    Graham T. Allison Jr. 1979–88
    William D. Ruckelshaus 1979–83
    James F. Hoge Jr. 1980–84
    George P. Shultz 1980–82
    William D. Rogers 1980–90
    Walter B. Wriston 1981–87
    Lewis T. Preston 1981–88
    Warren Christopher 1982–91
    Alan Greenspan 1982–88
    Robert A. Scalapino 1982–89
    Harold Brown 1983–92
    Stanley Hoffmann 1983–92
    Juanita M. Kreps 1983–89
    Brent Scowcroft 1983–89
    Clifton R. Wharton Jr. 1983–92
    Donald F. McHenry 1984–93
    B. R. Inman 1985–93
    Jeane J. Kirkpatrick 1985–94
    Peter Tarnoff 1986–93
    Charles McC. Mathias Jr. 1986–92
    Ruben F. Mettler 1986–92
    James E. Burke 1987–95
    Richard B. Cheney 1987–89,
    1993–95
    Robert F. Erburu 1987–98
    Karen Elliott House 1987–98,
    2003–
    Glenn E. Watts 1987–90
    Thomas S. Foley 1988–94
    James D. Robinson III 1988–91
    Strobe Talbott 1988–93
    John L. Clendenin 1989–94
    William S. Cohen 1989–97
    Joshua Lederberg 1989–98
    John S. Reed 1989–92
    Alice M. Rivlin 1989–92
    William J. Crowe Jr. 1990–93
    Thomas R. Donahue 1990–2001
    Richard C. Holbrooke 1991–93,
    1996–99,
    2001–
    Robert D. Hormats 1991–2004
    John E. Bryson 1992–2002
    Maurice R. Greenberg 1992–2002,
    2004–
    Karen N. Horn 1992–95
    James R. Houghton 1992–96
    Charlayne Hunter-Gault 1992–98
    Kenneth W. Dam 1992–2001
    Donna E. Shalala 1992–93
    Alton Frye 1993
    Richard N. Cooper 1993–94
    Rita E. Hauser 1993–97
    E. Gerald Corrigan 1993–95
    Leslie H. Gelb 1993–2001,
    2002–2003
    Paul A. Allaire 1993–2002
    Robert E. Allen 1993–96
    Theodore C. Sorensen 1993–2004
    Garrick Utley 1993–2003
    Carla A. Hills 1994–
    Helene L. Kaplan 1994–96
    Frank G. Zarb 1994–96
    Robert B. Zoellick 1994–2001
    Les Aspin 1995
    Mario L. Baeza 1995–2001
    Peggy Dulany 1995–2003
    Jessica P. Einhorn 1995–2005
    William J. McDonough 1995–2004
    Frank Savage 1995–2002
    George Soros 1995–2004
    Hannah Holborn Gray 1995–98
    George J. Mitchell 1995–2005
    Louis V. Gerstner Jr. 1995–2005
    Lee Cullum 1996–2006
    Vincent A. Mai 1997–2003
    Warren B. Rudman 1997–2005
    Laura D’Andrea Tyson 1997–2007
    Roone Arledge 1998–2002
    Diane Sawyer 1998–99
    Martin S. Feldstein 1998–
    Bette Bao Lord 1998–2003
    Michael H. Moskow 1998–
    John Deutch 1999–2004
    Robert E. Rubin 2000–
    Andrew Young 2000–2005
    Kenneth M. Duberstein 2001–
    Henry S. Bienen 2001–
    Joan E. Spero 2001–
    Vin Weber 2001–
    Fouad Ajami 2002–
    Ronald L. Olson 2002–
    Thomas R. Pickering 2002–2007
    Jeffrey L. Bewkes 2002–2006
    Helene D. Gayle 2003–
    Richard N. Haass 2003–

    Richard E. Salomon 2003–
    Anne-Marie Slaughter 2003–
    Madeleine K. Albright 2004–
    Richard N. Foster 2004–
    Joseph S. Nye Jr. 2004–
    Fareed Zakaria 2004–
    Peter Ackerman 2005–
    Charlene Barshefsky 2005–
    Stephen W. Bosworth 2005–
    Tom Brokaw 2005–
    David M. Rubenstein 2005–
    Frank J. Caufield 2006–
    Ann M. Fudge 2006–
    Alberto Ibargüen 2006–
    Henry R. Kravis 2006–
    James W. Owens 2006–
    Colin L. Powell 2006–
    Christine Todd Whitman 2006–
    Sylvia Mathews Burwell 2007–
    Stephen Friedman 2007–
    Jami Miscik 2007–
    Chairme n of the Board
    Russell C. Leffingwell 1946–53
    John J. McCloy 1953–70
    David Rockefeller 1970–85
    Peter G. Peterson 1985–2007
    Carla A. Hills (Co-Chair) 2007–
    Robert E. Rubin (Co-Chair) 2007–
    Chairman eme ritus
    Peter G. Peterson 2007–
    Honorary Chairme n
    John J. McCloy 1970–1989
    David Rockefeller 1985–
    Vice Chairme n of the Board
    Grayson Kirk 1971–73
    Cyrus R. Vance 1973–76,
    1985–87
    Douglas Dillon 1976–78
    Carroll L. Wilson 1978–79
    Warren Christopher 1987–91
    Harold Brown 1991–92
    B. R. Inman 1992–93
    Jeane J. Kirkpatrick 1993–94
    Maurice R. Greenberg 1994–2002
    Carla A. Hills 2001–2007
    William J. McDonough 2002–2003
    Robert E. Rubin 2003–2007
    Richard E. Salomon 2007–
    Honorary Vice Chairman
    Maurice R. Greenberg 2002–
    Presidents
    John W. Davis 1921–33
    George W. Wickersham 1933–36
    Norman H. Davis 1936–44
    Russell C. Leffingwell 1944–46
    Allen W. Dulles 1946–50
    Henry M. Wriston 1951–64
    Grayson Kirk 1964–71
    Bayless Manning 1971–77
    Winston Lord 1977–85
    John Temple Swing* 1985–86
    Peter Tarnoff 1986–93
    Alton Frye 1993
    Leslie H. Gelb 1993–2003
    Richard N. Haass 2003–
    President Eme ritus
    Leslie H. Gelb 2003–
    Honorary Presidents
    Elihu Root 1921–37
    Henry M. Wriston 1964–78
    Exec utive Vice Presidents
    John Temple Swing 1986–93
    Michael P. Peters 2002–2005
    Se nior Vice Presidents
    Alton Frye 1993–98
    Kenneth H. Keller 1993–95
    Larry L. Fabian 1994–95
    Michael P. Peters 1995–2002
    Paula Dobriansky 2001
    Charles G. Boyd 2001–2002
    David Kellogg 2002–
    Janice L. Murray 2002–
    Vice Presidents
    Paul D. Cravath 1921–33
    Norman H. Davis 1933–36
    Edwin F. Gay 1933–40
    Frank L. Polk 1940–43
    Russell C. Leffingwell 1943–44
    Allen W. Dulles 1944–46
    Isaiah Bowman 1945–49
    Henry M. Wriston 1950–51
    David Rockefeller 1950–70
    Frank Altschul 1951–71
    Devereux C. Josephs 1951–52
    David W. MacEachron 1972–74
    John Temple Swing 1972–86
    Alton Frye 1987–93
    William H. Gleysteen Jr. 1987–89
    John A. Millington 1987–96
    Margaret Osmer-McQuade 1987–93
    Nicholas X. Rizopoulos 1989–94
    Karen M. Sughrue 1993–98
    Abraham F. Lowenthal 1995–2005
    Janice L. Murray 1995–2002
    David J. Vidal 1995–97
    Ethan B. Kapstein 1995–96
    Frederick C. Broda 1996–97
    Kenneth R. Maxwell 1996
    Gary C. Hufbauer 1997–98
    David Kellogg 1997–2002
    Paula J. Dobriansky 1997–2001
    Anne R. Luzzatto 1998–2005
    Lawrence J. Korb 1998–2002
    Elise Carlson Lewis 1999–2007
    Robert C. Orr 2002–2003
    Irina A. Faskianos 2002–
    Lisa Shields 2003–
    James M. Lindsay 2003–2006
    Nancy E. Roman 2004–2007
    Nancy D. Bodurtha 2005–
    Suzanne E. Helm 2005–
    Gary Samore 2006–
    Exec utive Direct ors
    Hamilton Fish Armstrong 1922–28
    Malcolm W. Davis 1925–27
    Walter H. Mallory 1927–59
    George S. Franklin 1953–71
    Sec ret aries
    Edwin F. Gay 1921–33
    Allen W. Dulles 1933–44
    Frank Altschul 1944–72
    John Temple Swing 1972–87
    Judith Gustafson 1987–2000
    Lilita V. Gusts 2000–
    Honorary Sec ret ary
    Frank Altschul 1972–1981
    Treasurers
    Edwin F. Gay 1921–33
    Whitney H. Shepardson 1933–42
    Clarence E. Hunter 1942–51
    Devereux C. Josephs 1951–52
    Elliott V. Bell 1952–64
    Gabriel Hauge 1964–81
    Peter G. Peterson 1981–85
    C. Peter McColough 1985–87
    Lewis T. Preston 1987–88
    James E. Burke 1988–89
    David Woodbridge 1989–94
    Janice L. Murray 1994–
    Editors of Foreign Affa irs
    Archibald Cary Coolidge 1922–28
    Hamilton Fish Armstrong 1928–72
    William P. Bundy 1972–84
    William G. Hyland 1984–92
    James F. Hoge Jr. 1992–
    Direct ors of St udies
    Percy W. Bidwell 1937–53
    Philip E. Mosely 1955–63
    Richard H. Ullman 1973–76
    Abraham F. Lowenthal 1976–77
    John C. Campbell 1977–78
    Paul H. Kreisberg 1981–87
    William H. Gleysteen Jr. 1987–89
    Nicholas X. Rizopoulos 1989–94
    Kenneth H. Keller* 1994–95
    Ethan B. Kapstein 1995–96
    Kenneth R. Maxwell 1996
    Gary C. Hufbauer 1997–98
    Lawrence J. Korb 1998–2002
    Michael P. Peters 2002–2003
    James M. Lindsay 2003–2006
    Gary Samore 2006–
    Direct ors of Meet ings
    George S. Franklin 1949–50
    William Henderson 1952–54,
    1955–56
    Melvin Conant 1954–55,*
    1956–57,*
    1957–59
    George V.H. Moseley III 1959–62
    Harry Boardman 1962–69
    Zygmunt Nagorski Jr. 1969–78
    Marilyn Berger 1978–79
    Margaret Osmer-McQuade 1979–93
    Karen M. Sughrue 1993–98
    Anne R. Luzzatto 1998–2005
    Nancy D. Bodurtha 2005–
    * Pro-tempore

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